Retreating U.S. stimulus poses risk to world recovery

BRUSSELS Sat Jan 4, 2014 2:04pm EST

The facade of the U.S. Federal Reserve building is reflected on wet marble during the early morning hours in Washington, July 31, 2013.REUTERS/Jonathan Ernst

The facade of the U.S. Federal Reserve building is reflected on wet marble during the early morning hours in Washington, July 31, 2013.

Credit: Reuters/Jonathan Ernst

BRUSSELS (Reuters) - The world economy should finally overcome its hangover from the global financial crisis this year as growth picks up and house prices rise, but reduced U.S. monetary stimulus will pose a challenge.

After months of angst, investors will see how the U.S. Federal Reserve handles its decision to curtail its policy of easy money, starting from this month.

U.S. jobs data on Friday will give markets a sense of the pace at which the Fed plans to pare back its bond-buying program, while minutes on Wednesday from its December 18 meeting will throw light on the central bank's thinking.

"The United States will be the main focus given the Fed has finally started to taper its asset purchases," said James Knightley, a senior economist at ING in London, referring to what economists call the "tapering" of U.S. stimulus.

"Nonetheless, the Fed has made it clear that it will not be looking to run down the size of its balance sheet anytime soon, while rate hikes remain some way off," he said.

The Fed's stimulus revived the U.S. economy after the biggest crisis since the Great Depression and the U.S. economy is leading the global recovery. The United States could grow by up to 3 percent this year, helping the global economy to expand by almost 4 percent, according to the International Monetary Fund.

The delicate job of bringing the $85 billion-a-month program gradually to an end will almost certainly fall to Janet Yellen, whose candidacy as the next Fed chair will be voted on by the U.S. Senate on Monday.

Yellen, who would become the first woman to chair the U.S. central bank, would take the reins on February 1, the day after Ben Bernanke ends his two-term stint.


For emerging markets - major beneficiaries of cheap money unleashed by Fed stimulus - a scaling back of the program will prompt investors to reduce their holdings of stocks and bonds. Short-term economic growth could suffer due to a failure to reform during the years of easy money.

Turkey is one country that relies on foreign capital to plug holes in its balance of payments and the country will be in focus again in the week ahead, not least because Ankara faces its greatest period of political instability in a decade.

Markets have calmed since the last week of 2013, when Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan dismissed police officers involved in a corruption investigation that has dragged in relatives of ministers and others with close links to the government.

But a falling lira is saddling companies with higher payments on foreign loans and pushing up inflation.

Indonesia, also vulnerable in the face of reduced U.S. stimulus due to its sizeable current account deficit, has been at the centre of the sell-off in emerging currencies and will hold a central bank policy meeting with the Fed firmly in mind.

Emerging markets are becoming more of a concern for the global economy as the rich world recovers from the 2008/2009 financial crisis, while China's slowing economy, which generates more than a third of global growth, has added to the unease.

The world's second-largest economy releases business surveys, trade, inflation and lending figures in the week ahead.


Europe offers good news for a change and U.S. Treasury Secretary Jack Lew should hear some of that in a visit to Berlin, Paris and Lisbon for talks with senior officials.

The single currency area is forecast to return to growth in 2014 after two years of contraction and Greece, at the centre of the bloc's crippling banking and debt crisis, expects its first economic expansion in six years.

Still, European Central Bank President Mario Draghi will be in no mood for celebrating when the bank's Governing Council meets on Thursday. He faces the difficult task of supporting growth with limited tools in a region still facing record unemployment and high public and private debt levels.

The ECB is banned from buying bonds directly from governments and cannot emulate the Fed, although it can find ways to purchase bonds from banks on the secondary market.

Draghi said last week he saw "no need for immediate action" after cutting interest rates to a record low of 0.25 percent in November, and sees signs of a gradual economic recovery.

"Draghi will merely emphasize once again that the ECB is ready to act," said Michael Schubert, an economist at Commerzbank in Frankfurt.

Before the ECB meets, euro zone inflation data on Tuesday will show how consumer prices are holding up despite deflationary risks in some of the weaker economies.

Surveys of the euro zone's service sector are likely to show the currency bloc ended the year on a reasonably robust note, even if France's tepid performance is a concern.

Outside the euro zone, Britain is in a different position, with growth picking up, unemployment falling and house prices rising, leading to talk of the need for a rate rise sooner rather than later to avoid a real estate bubble.

The Bank of England also holds its meeting on Thursday but no one expects a change in monetary policy this month. For the time being, the consensus remains that rates will rise from their record low of 0.5 percent in 2015.

(Editing by Susan Fenton)

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Comments (9)
nose2066 wrote:
There’s over seven billion people on planet Earth. I didn’t think that it was the Federal Reserve’s job to provide economic stimulus for all seven billion people.

Is that why the economic recovery in America is so slow, because the stimulus money is diffusing out over the entire planet?

I bet there are people right in America that might wish that the stimulus were more local.

Jan 04, 2014 2:47pm EST  --  Report as abuse
GotDOCG wrote:
At some point, hopefully soon, the ruling cadre, aka wall street and congress, will (finally) acknowledge that the crux to a real true, sustainable recovery, housing is NOT recovering… With some 40% of all transfers, either in title or by bulk purchase of REO’s and distressed loans by VC investment groups, the increase in home values is pure fiction… a bubble waiting to collapse… the watch what happens to the “new kid on the block”… the MBS’s comprised of non-owner occupied loans… either address housing through a valid Mark2Market program, or be prepared to ride this out for another eight years…

Jan 04, 2014 3:02pm EST  --  Report as abuse
divinargant wrote:
Simply put, projections such as those by the IMF and the Fed on a historical basis have generally proven worthless. That is a fact, historically. Further, to state that the Fed revived the U.S. economy is a stretch if not an all out blatant lie and at the very least utter propaganda. This is a central bank that has done little to benefit the overall population and broader economy compared to what it has done to inflate asset prices for a privileged few in the markets and provide banks with excess reserves through QE as a fair amount still sits parked back at the Fed gaining interest and more coming in daily via POMO. This is a central bank that missed and bears a fair share of the responsibility for the last financial crisis. This is a central bank that stated publicly sub-prime was contained before the mortgage meltdown. It turned out not to be the case. That is not a small thing. The IMF is no better. If you don’t know how the IMF can financially destroy a vulnerable country, look it up sometime in the alt-media. Projections? Credibility? Both institutions imo fail in those categories.

Jan 04, 2014 3:11pm EST  --  Report as abuse
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