SEOUL Feb 5 North and South Korea discussed holding reunions between families separated by the 1950-53 Korean War on Wednesday, as Pyongyang mounted pressure on Seoul to cancel U.S.-South Korean military drills.
Officials from both sides met on the North Korean side of the Panmunjom "truce village" that straddles the inter-Korean border six decades after a truce, not a peace treaty, ended the war.
Officially North Korea has not linked any possible agreement on the family reunions with its demand for the cancellation of the annual war games that are scheduled to begin this month. But officials in the South say the intention is clear, and that Seoul will not fall in line.
"The drills have been conducted annually and they simply cannot be an issue for us as far as the reunions are concerned," said a South Korean government official involved in dealings with the North, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
In recent weeks, North Korean diplomats have given rare media interviews and press conferences that have reiterated calls from Pyongyang's top ruling bodies to end the annual military drills.
It's unlike North Korea's usual threats and aggressive tone used with the South but that doesn't mean Pyongyang has changed, analysts said.
"There is no more seriousness behind this offer than others Pyongyang has advanced," said Andrea Berger, a research fellow at the Royal United Services Institute in London who interacts regularly with North Korean officials.
"North Korea has not yet made clear that the significant military restraint it is demanding on the South Korean side would be matched by military restraint on its own part."
The North's offer to hold the family reunions have been welcomed both by its sole major ally, China, and the United States, who were also on opposing sides in the Korean War.
The war left millions of families divided, with free private travel across the border and communication, including phone calls, banned.
More than 70,000 South Koreans have been seeking to meet lost family members at family reunions. At past reunions, a few hundred people have met separated relatives for fleeting moments at a resort in Mount Kumgang, just north of the Korean border, before returning home to their respective homes.
Tensions on the Korean peninsula soared last year as Pyongyang reacted angrily to tightened U.N. sanctions imposed in response to its latest nuclear test.
That was followed by a period of aggressive rhetoric from the North that warned of nuclear war should joint U.S.-South Korean drills continue - a threat the United States responded to with long-range nuclear bomber sorties over the peninsula.
"Their tone this year is different; they're saying 'please don't do this', as opposed to in the past when they threatened military action if drills went ahead," said Kwak In-su, a researcher at the Seoul-based Institute for National Strategy and a former North Korean spy who fled to the South in 1995.
"They're putting on a show but at the same time they really want some changes - it's a mixed bag," he added.
North Korea's intentions are always difficult to read, and the relative lack of understanding surrounding Kim Jong Un, the third of his family to rule the country, has made the situation even more complex. Kim's government ordered the execution of his uncle, viewed as the number two leader in North Korea, last year and has purged officials related or linked to him.
In the past, Pyongyang has agreed to hold family reunions only to pull out days before they are scheduled to take place. The impending war drills could provide an excuse for North Korea to do so again, said Berger, the analyst.
"The scheduling of family reunions highlights one of the side effects of decades of North Korean allergic reactions to military exercises," she said.
"To avoid the risk that Pyongyang's objections to joint drills cause such engagement to collapse from one side, Seoul and Washington intentionally try to conclude or fulfil bilateral agreements before exercises start." (Additional Reporting By Jumin Park and Michelle Kim; Editing by Jack Kim and Raju Gopalakrishnan)