Syria peace talks make little progress, says envoy

GENEVA Tue Feb 11, 2014 6:16pm EST

Rubble lies in a damaged building near Aleppo's historic citadel, which is controlled by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad February 10, 2014. REUTERS/Ammar Abdullah

Rubble lies in a damaged building near Aleppo's historic citadel, which is controlled by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad February 10, 2014.

Credit: Reuters/Ammar Abdullah

GENEVA (Reuters) - Peace talks between the Syrian government and opposition are not making much progress, the international mediator said on Tuesday after a face-to-face meeting of the warring parties in Geneva that both sides called fruitless.

Negotiations intended to end Syria's three-year-old civil war began with a week-long session last month and have resumed this week in Geneva. There had been hopes for Tuesday's talks after they began with a minute's silence for the 130,000 people killed since the conflict began.

But Lakhdar Brahimi, a veteran diplomat charged with running the internationally sponsored talks, told a news conference the second round so far was as "laborious" as the first. "We are not making much progress," he said.

Syrian Deputy Foreign Minister Faisal Mekdad said Tuesday was a "lost day" while opposition spokesman Louay Safi said "no progress" had been made.

The talks have been held up over the agenda, with the opposition wanting first to discuss plans for a transitional government, and the government insisting the first issue must be fighting terrorism - a word it uses for all armed rebels.

In an attempt to break the deadlock, Brahimi had proposed that they use Tuesday to discuss ending the violence and Wednesday to raise formation of a transitional governing body.

But both sides said the agenda had still not been agreed.

"Today was another lost day because the representatives of the Coalition insisted that there is no terrorism in Syria," Mekdad said of the opposition stance.

National Coalition spokesman Safi said: "It is obvious the regime is stalling and still believes in a military solution."

Anas Abdah, a strategist in the opposition team, said: "The regime is consistently trying to get rid of the transitional governing body. Today it basically refused to discuss it."

The opposition believes a transitional administration must exclude Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. The government will not discuss his leaving.

A statement from the Coalition said the session was very tense and accused the government of attempting to stall.

At a news briefing in Washington, U.S. State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said no one had expected the talks to be easy.

"We don't expect a major breakthrough this week. And what we believe we need to continue to do is press the regime, gather the international community, press the regime to engage more seriously in this process," Psaki said.


The talks are sponsored by the United States, which supports the opposition, and Russia, which backs Assad. The powers have largely blamed each other for the intransigence of their allies.

U.S. President Barack Obama suggested that Moscow - which has used its Security Council veto to block U.N. resolutions against the Damascus government - was to blame for preventing action that might help protect and aid vulnerable civilians.

Referring to U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, Obama said: "Secretary Kerry and others have delivered a very direct message to the Russians that they cannot say they are concerned about the well-being of the Syrian people when there are starving civilians.

So far, the only tangible result of the talks process has been an agreement to allow aid to enter and people to leave the old city of Homs, under government siege for more than a year.

United Nations officials said Syrian authorities had detained 336 men who had left Homs for questioning, raising concerns about their welfare.

"A number of boys and men and their families were seized by the authorities as they left the besieged area. It is essential that they do not come to any harm," said Rupert Colville, spokesman for the U.N. human rights office.

Those held, deemed to be of fighting age by the Syrian authorities, were among 1,151 who left the old city during a ceasefire extended for a second three-day period on Monday.

The United Nations said 41 of the men had been released. The governor of Homs said 100 had been freed. The rest were being questioned in a school, under the "general monitoring" of U.N. staff, a U.N. spokeswoman said. Of five heavily pregnant women evacuated, one had since given birth.

Those leaving were very weak, with signs of malnutrition, said a World Food Programme spokeswoman. Survivors recounted a daily diet that included leaves and grass.

The United Nations says it does not know how many people are still in old Homs - just one of the many sieges that have trapped more than a quarter of a million Syrians.

At a U.S. Senate hearing on Tuesday, National Intelligence Director James Clapper said he was convinced that documents alleging torture and murder in the Syria conflict were authentic.

Clapper was asked during the hearing whether he had seen the documents, published by CNN and other media, as potential proof of atrocities by Syria's government. He said he had, and that he believed they were real.

"They're terrible. And when you consider the humanitarian disaster in addition to the 2.5 million refugees, the 6.5 million or 7 million that are internally displaced, the 134,000 plus people that have been killed, it is an apocalyptic disaster," Clapper said.

(Reporting by Stephanie Nebehay, Tom Miles and Erika Solomon, and Patricia Zengerle in Washington; Writing by Giles Elgood and Peter Graff; Editing by David Stamp, Alastair Macdonald and Gunna Dickson)

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Comments (10)
sabrefencer wrote:
non of the participants want peace….they go thru the motions…then go right back to killing…

Feb 11, 2014 11:56am EST  --  Report as abuse
Tiu wrote:
Perhaps the opposition doesn’t know what terrorism is. They probably think it makes them holy somehow.

Feb 11, 2014 11:59am EST  --  Report as abuse
paintcan wrote:
“We are also deeply concerned to learn that a number of boys and men and their families were seized by the authorities as they left the besieged area. It is essential that they do not come to any harm,” he said.

The coalition of the bribed in Afghanistan and Iraq didn’t observe that law either. They all agreed to it as members of the UN and they all claimed the UN gave them approval for the invasions but when they got there they did what they liked in pursuit of their own interests. They just don’t talk about their own atrocities when the matter is too inconvenient to mention and so contradicts their own rhetoric.

Some people may think the UN has been dreaming, but what else can they say about the practice of warfare without jeopardizing the laws of peacetime? In warfare the rule seems to be, the side that does the most damage and can show the greatest arbitrary force wins. And that was the core strategy behind Iraq too. Assad is doing about what The coalition did in Iraq sans high Jersey barriers ala West Bank borders and Baghdad neighborhoods.

BTW – I have no idea what the insurgency in Syria is paid but, I suspect, for most of them it’s better than most other lines of work available to them. And they also have the opportunity to loot and shake down civilians. I’m sure that could be an issue that would make many of them cling to their guns and the power they sense from holding them, and not make them very eager to step back down and rejoin the civil society. But sooner they are going to have to drop them as get to work at matters that no one in the insurgency seems to have any experience at. When they get to power they will very likely be just like what they claim they destroy.

But if Assad’s Syria is truly a country dominated by a selfish and insular upper class that clings to Assad for survival, than it makes more sense for them to open their wallets before their assets all go up in smoke.

Syria makes it very obvious how easy it is to destroy a once prosperous country and it looks like anyone can do if they have the right (or wrong) backing. Either one will do.

Feb 11, 2014 12:12pm EST  --  Report as abuse
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