Kerry says China willing to pressure North Korea on nuclear plans

BEIJING Fri Feb 14, 2014 10:20am EST

1 of 7. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry (L) meets with Chinese Premier Li Keqiang at the Zhongnanhai Leadership Compound in Beijing February 14, 2014.

Credit: Reuters/Evan Vucci/Pool

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BEIJING (Reuters) - U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said on Friday China is willing to exert more pressure to get North Korea to give up its nuclear program.

He told reporters in Beijing he was pleased that China "could not have more forcefully reiterated its commitment" to the goal of denuclearizing North Korea.

The reclusive Asian state has defied international warnings not to build atomic bombs and long-range missiles. It is believed to have enough fissile material to build up to 10 nuclear bombs, but most intelligence analysts say it has yet to master the technology to deploy such weapons.

"I encouraged the Chinese to use every tool at their disposal, all of the means of persuasion that they have, building on the depths of their long and historic and cultural and common history (with North Korea)," he said.

"They made it very clear that if the North doesn't comply and come to the table and be serious about talks and stop its program ... they are prepared to take additional steps in order to make sure their policy is implemented," Kerry said, adding the United States and China were now discussing "the specifics of how you do that".

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi told Kerry China would work with all parties concerned, including the United States, to play a constructive role for the region's peace and stability.

"China will never allow chaos or war on the Korean Peninsula," Wang said, according to China's Foreign Ministry.

North Korea was raised during Kerry's meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping, the Foreign Ministry said, with Xi "setting forth China's stance". It gave no other details.

The East and South China Seas featured prominently on Kerry's agenda too, with him calling for a "more rule of law based, less confrontational regime".

CODE OF CONDUCT

The United States is uneasy about what it sees as China's effort to gain creeping control over waters in the Asia-Pacific region, including its November 23 declaration of an air defense identification zone (ADIZ) in an area of the East China Sea that includes islands at the center of a dispute with Japan.

China claims about 90 percent of the 3.5 million square km (1.35 million square mile) South China Sea, depicting what it sees as its area on maps with a so-called nine-dash line, looping far out over the sea from south China.

China and the Association of South East Asian Nations have been discussing a code of conduct for the South China Sea, and Kerry said he believed China was ready to achieve that goal.

"That would help reduce tensions that stem from the territorial and maritime disputes and, in the meantime, it's very important that everybody build crisis management tools and refrain from coercive or unilateral measures to assert whatever claims any country in the region may have," he said.

Wang said China was committed to a peaceful resolution for both the East and South China Seas disputes, but urged the United States not take sides and said China had an "unshakable resolve" to protect its sovereignty.

The United States should "respect historical facts and China's sovereign interests, adhere to an objective and impartial stance and take tangible actions to promote mutual trust in the region so as to safeguard regional peace and stability", Wang said.

Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam and Taiwan also have claims over the South China Sea, or parts of it.

Kerry said he told China it would be a bad idea to establish an air defense identification zone in the South China Sea, similar to the one it set up over the East China Sea late last year, which prompted protests from Washington, Tokyo and Seoul.

"We have made it very clear that a unilateral, unannounced, unprocessed initiative like that can be very challenging to certain people in the region, and therefore to regional stability," he said.

Wang said China was confident it could maintain peace in the South China Sea by working with ASEAN, and denounced efforts by "certain people internationally" to hype up tensions and "spread untruths". "China is resolutely opposed to this," Wang said, without elaborating.

Climate change was also on the agenda of Kerry's talks.

"We need to see if working together we could identify any further steps that we may be able to take, specifically with respect to arrival at meaningful targets with respect to the 2015 climate change conference that will take place in Paris in December of next year," Kerry said.

(Additional reporting by Sui-Lee Wee; Writing by Ben Blanchard; Editing by Robert Birsel and Janet Lawrence)

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Comments (31)
CherokeeSam wrote:
There are two things the Chinese politicians do not like. 1. Tall people 2. John Kerry. But then, most of us don’t like him either.

Feb 14, 2014 4:39am EST  --  Report as abuse
DrewLunn wrote:
“”The United States is not a party in the South China Sea dispute, and should … be careful in its words and actions, and do more that will benefit true peace and stability in the region rather than the opposite,”

This is the USA, and China never has and never will give us direction. There’s a world war brewing, and if you can’t see it, you’re blind. China/Russia/North Korea are all pushing the limits, and need to be put in their place before they come knocking on our door.

Feb 14, 2014 5:18am EST  --  Report as abuse
CherokeeSam wrote:
Seriously, it’s more about personality. The Chinese easily take offense when they are questioned as to their expertise in political matters. They also know Kerry is just a mouthpiece and has no real authority. They become irritated when we run to them every time North Korea does something, then, they have to deal with that Lunatic Kim Jung Un. Then, Kerry has the utter audacity to go to these people and criticize them and their efforts.

Feb 14, 2014 5:32am EST  --  Report as abuse
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