Russia evokes World War Two in media blitz on Ukraine

MOSCOW Tue Feb 25, 2014 9:31am EST

MOSCOW Feb 25 (Reuters) - "Which side were you on in World War Two?" is not a question that often arises on radio talk shows but a Russian caller named Alexander was asked precisely that at least three times on Tuesday when he expressed support for Ukraine's new rulers.

The judgment was quick. Two Russian presenters decided Alexander must have been on the side of the fascists who fought Soviet forces during the war because he refused to condemn the new Ukrainian leadership.

"Do you know how many Russians Bandera killed?" asked the outspoken host of the morning phone-in, Vladimir Solovyov - a reference to Stepan Bandera, leader of the Ukrainian nationalist movement that was built in western Ukraine and is accused by Russians of siding with the Nazis.

On Russian television, weeks of footage of wounded policemen and burning tyres have given way to sober pictures of politicians and Ukrainians predicting Ukraine will split after opposition forces took control in Kiev and the president fled.

In a sign the Kremlin is shaken by losing a struggle for influence with the West in its neighbour, the language has been set against the us-or-them background of the Soviet victory against Adolf Hitler - a source of national pride.

The people of western Ukraine - culturally and linguistically distinct from the Russian speaking east - have borne the brunt of the blame.

It was these men and women that Alexander was trying to defend. He was cut off when Solovyov said he should leave his address and phone number so the police could find him and arrest him for promoting fascism.

By issuing a rallying call from the Soviet playbook when the war was used to inspire loyalty if not to communism, then against a common enemy, the Kremlin has successfully shifted the focus from its own loss of face.

That has allowed some Russian politicians, namely those from the finance and economic ministries, quietly to offer some cooperation in finding an international deal to pull Ukraine away from a bankruptcy which could also drag Russian down.


Ukraine's parliament has hit at the heart of many Russians' fears, restoring Ukrainian as the obligatory national language in official documents.

On Tuesday, Russia's Foreign Ministry condemned the "barbaric Russophobia" that inspired some Ukrainians to pull down a statue in the western Lviv region of Mikhail Kutuzov, a Russian field marshal in the Napoleonic war.

"We demand the new Ukrainian authorities stop this lawlessness," the ministry said in a statement.

In the State Duma lower house of parliament, politicians took turns to lament the "uncultured hooligans" who had taken control of the streets.

Sergei Mironov, head of a pro-Kremlin party's parliamentary faction, said those Ukrainians who wanted Russian citizenship should be given passports as quickly as possible.

People in the Russian-speaking east, where there is more sympathy for Moscow, are particularly upset about new laws on the use of the Ukrainian language, fearing it could create problems for them in their business.

With efforts now under way to ban television channels from countries that have not signed up to a European convention on cross-border television, which means all Russian channels, many Russian politicians are livid.

In response, Russian state television has taken to showing Ukrainians in Ukraine's Russian-speaking Crimea to the south and in its east saying they would not follow orders from Kiev.

Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev even resorted to language similar to that which he employed as president when sending Russian troops into another Soviet republic Georgia in 2008, then supporting Kremlin-backed separatists in South Ossetia by saying there were threats "to the lives of our citizens".

But Russia will - at least for now - probably stick to rhetoric, waiting to see whether efforts by the European Union and United States to help unite a fractured country backfire.

"Ideologically 'New Ukraine' will inevitably be based on an anti-Russian foundation," said Alexei Pushkov, a Putin loyalist and a senior member of parliament.

He added: "'Democracy' combined with Bandera."

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Comments (15)
julianzr wrote:
Some Ukrainians actively siding with Hitler is a fact of history whether you wish to redefine it here is irrelevant. The financial problems of Ukraine today is the root cause and no different than that of millions who, became victims of the 2004-2008 financial fraud.

Feb 25, 2014 10:01am EST  --  Report as abuse
nikniku wrote:
“..Stepan Bandera, leader of the Ukrainian nationalist movement that was built in western Ukraine and is accused by Russians of siding with the Nazis.” – Wow! Reuters revising History in a sneaky way?! Bandera is not “accused by Russians…” – he Did side and collaborate with Nazis. History is NOT always a matter of opinion…

Feb 25, 2014 10:03am EST  --  Report as abuse
realist2013 wrote:
Positively weird reasoning in this article. Why would Russians in Russia care in what language the official business in conducted in the part of the Ukraine that the neo-nazis now control? Russian speakers in Ukraine no doubt will ignore that “law” as well. The whole episode looks like a well choreographed spectacle to partition the country. First Yanukovich was offering a largely token resistense to the constant escalation in violence by the rioters and then fled for no apparent reason. The neo-Nazi thug “government” will now have to deal with the imminent national bankruptcy while the Eastern and Southern parts will declare independence. Crimea has already requested the Russian military assistance and all but formally declared its independence.

Feb 25, 2014 10:20am EST  --  Report as abuse
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