China's Xi ramps up military spending in face of worried region

BEIJING/HONG KONG Wed Mar 5, 2014 4:11pm EST

Military delegates are silhouetted as they arrive at Tiananmen Square outside the Great Hall of the People for the opening session of National People's Congress (NPC), in Beijing, March 5, 2014. REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

Military delegates are silhouetted as they arrive at Tiananmen Square outside the Great Hall of the People for the opening session of National People's Congress (NPC), in Beijing, March 5, 2014.

Credit: Reuters/Kim Kyung-Hoon

Related Topics

BEIJING/HONG KONG (Reuters) - China announced its biggest rise in military spending in three years on Wednesday, a strong signal from President Xi Jinping that Beijing is not about to back away from its growing assertiveness in Asia, especially in disputed waters.

The government said it would increase the defense budget by 12.2 percent this year to 808.23 billion yuan ($131.57 billion), as China seeks to develop more high-tech weapons and to beef up coastal and air defenses.

The increase follows a nearly unbroken run of double-digit hikes in the Chinese defense budget, second only to the United States in size, for the past two decades.

"This is worrying news for China's neighbors, particularly for Japan," said Rory Medcalf, a regional security analyst at the independent Lowy Institute in Sydney.

Those who thought Xi might prefer to concentrate on domestic development over military expansion in a slowing economy had "underestimated the Chinese determination to shape its strategic environment", he added.

The 2014 defense budget is the first for Xi, a so-called princeling - or a son of a late Communist Party elder - and the increase in spending appears to reflect his desire to build what he calls a strong, rejuvenated China.

Xi also recently urged China's military leadership to work faster to get the country's sole aircraft carrier combat-ready. The spending jump is the biggest since a rise of 12.7 percent in 2011.

Within hours of the announcement, officials in Japan and Taiwan expressed disquiet over the absence of any details on how Beijing will spend the money, concerns long echoed in Washington.

China and Japan, a key U.S. ally in the region, are increasingly locking horns over uninhabited rocky islands each claims in the East China Sea.

China's military is not made up of "boy scouts with spears", Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang told a briefing, in response to criticism from Japan.

"Some foreigners always expect China to be a baby scout," Qin said. "In that way, how can we safeguard national security and world peace?"

Beijing also claims 90 percent of the 3.5 million sq km (1.35 million sq mile) South China Sea, which is believed to be rich in oil and gas. The Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan all claim parts of those waters.

Speaking at the opening of China's annual session of parliament, Premier Li Keqiang said the government would "strengthen research on national defense and the development of new- and high-technology weapons and equipment," and "enhance border, coastal and air defenses".

"We will comprehensively enhance the revolutionary nature of the Chinese armed forces, further modernize them and upgrade their performance, and continue to raise their deterrence and combat capabilities in the information age," Li told the largely rubber-stamp National People's Congress. He gave no specific details.

FORCE PROJECTION

China's military spending has allowed Beijing to create a modern force that is projecting power not only across the disputed waters of the East and South China Seas, but further into the western Pacific and Indian Oceans.

Much of China's military spending likely takes place outside the budget, however, and many experts estimate real outlays are closer to $200 billion. For the same of comparison, the U.S. Defense Department's base budget for the 2014 fiscal year is $526.8 billion.

China's military budget spike comes as Asia reacts nervously to a string of recent moves by China to assert its sovereignty in disputed territory, expand its military reach and challenge the traditional dominance of U.S. forces in the region.

Chinese fighters and surveillance planes now routinely patrol a controversial new air defense identification zone that covers disputed Japanese-administered islands in the East China Sea. Beijing's aircraft carrier, meanwhile, went on its first exercises in the South China Sea late last year.

At a time when Washington has stepped up its military presence in the region as part of a strategic "pivot" toward Asia, China is building new submarines, surface ships and anti-ship ballistic missiles, and has tested emerging technology aimed at destroying missiles in mid-air.

Nevertheless, experts say it could be decades before China's military is a match for America's armed forces.

CHINA URGED TO BE TRANSPARENT

Admiral Samuel Locklear, head of the U.S. Pacific Command, told U.S. lawmakers on Wednesday that a strong China had the potential to advance global security.

"What's frustrating, though ... is what's kind of happening in their own backyard as it relates to their relations with some of our allies and our partners," Locklear said, mentioning the South China Sea, as one example.

"The question is: 'Is (China's military) transparent? What is it used for?'" he asked.

The United States last month said it was concerned that China's maritime claims in the South China Sea were an effort to gain creeping control of oceans in the Asia-Pacific region.

Japan's chief cabinet secretary, Yoshihide Suga, said China's lack of clarity in its defense policy and spending was a global concern.

David Lo, a spokesman for Taiwan's Defence Ministry, said that while noting the "substantial" spending increase was needed to modernize China's military, much remained hidden.

"The transparency of China's defense budget has always been questionable, as it is widely seen there are a massive amount of military items hidden," he said.

China has repeatedly said that the world has nothing to fear from its military spending, which it says is needed for legitimate defensive purposes and to modernize equipment.

Fu Ying, a spokeswoman for the parliamentary session, reiterated that policy on Tuesday, saying China was seeking peace through "strength".

China would "respond effectively" to provocations by those ready to sabotage regional security and order, she added.

($1 = 6.1430 Chinese yuan)

(Additional reporting by Li Hui and Ben Blanchard in Beijing, John Ruwitch in Shanghai, Nobuhiro Kubo in Tokyo, Faith Hung in Taipei and Missy Ryan and David Brunnstrom in Washington; writing by Greg Torode, editing by Dean Yates and G Crosse)

FILED UNDER:
We welcome comments that advance the story through relevant opinion, anecdotes, links and data. If you see a comment that you believe is irrelevant or inappropriate, you can flag it to our editors by using the report abuse links. Views expressed in the comments do not represent those of Reuters. For more information on our comment policy, see http://blogs.reuters.com/fulldisclosure/2010/09/27/toward-a-more-thoughtful-conversation-on-stories/
Comments (3)
carlmartel wrote:
China’s GDP growth in 2012 and 2013 exceeded expectations, so their defense budget rose. US defense budgets don’t include Homeland Security, CIA, FBI, state and local law enforcement, and National Guard that would be internal security and additional troops in war. The total would likely exceed $1 trillion for the US, so China with $200 billion is still much smaller.

The US and NATO leave Afghanistan in December. China, Russia, and four central Asian members of the SCO will watch and, possibly, defend. China’s problems with Uighur muslims from Xinjiang rose with attacks in Kunming; Russia fights muslim rebels in the southern Caucasus as Astrakhan attacks proved; and the Taliban wants all central Asian “stans” in a grand caliphate. The current ADIZ and one under review along the south coast should protect China from 9-11 attacks by hijacked incoming airliners. Russia and China are de facto military allies of the US and NATO as in WWII. The US and future NATO lands did not adopt the dictatorships of China and Russia then and don’t need to choose them in the current war. The US and NATO could use the extra manpower, the oil and gas in Russian Siberia, the industrial capacity of China, and the $4 trillion in foreign currency reserves of China ($3.5 trillion) and Russia ($500 billion).

China signed ASEAN’s Conduct of Parties (COP) agreement in 2002 and bilateral agreements with all South China Sea claimants in 2011 to not use force to settle disputed claims. All parties agreed TWICE to NOT fight, and all they need to do is negotiate. The US and NATO do not need to burn themselves to death in nuclear and themonuclear wars against China and Russia despite the suicidal plans of al Qaeda and Taliban supporters in the West.

Mar 05, 2014 5:17pm EST  --  Report as abuse
WestFlorida wrote:
What is China going to do? Invade Taiwan and murder other Chinese? Snuff out the persons in occupied East Turkistan with nuclear weapons when they are fighting back with knives? Steal a few uninhabited islands from Japan and claim a great victory? Challenge Russia on the northern border? Punish the hated Vietnam by seizing its islands and offshore oil fields? Develop rockets to shoot down US satellites? Put all the Tibetians in a museum after snuffing out their culture?

After considering all of these options, the best use of Chinese military power would be to invade North Korea, liberate the people there, and put the North Korean leadership on trial for crimes against humanity? THAT would be a good use of all the billions it is investing in the military.

Mar 05, 2014 9:25pm EST  --  Report as abuse
carlmartel wrote:
@WestFlorida

Have you forgotten 9-11-2001? China, Russia, and 4 central Asian countries in the SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organization) have agreed to watch Afghanistan after the US and NATO leave in 2014. China is preparing to fight the same terrorist groups who attacked the US on 9-11. China is preparing to fight in the same place from which the 9-11 terrorists came. The US has been fighting in that same place for nearly 13 years.

Perhaps you need a 9-11 attack on your hometown. If 3,000 of your neighbors and, possibly, family members are killed, you might gain some understanding. Of course, you are not alone. I have read comments from all over the US that suggests that each state in the US needs to have 3,000 people killed, or 150,000 Americans dead, before the US wakes up.

China and Russia are allies of the US and NATO against terrorists who claim to be Sunni muslims of the wahabi sect, the same type that is followed and supported in Saudi Arabia and by al Qaeda. Do you remember that Osama bin Laden and 15 of the hijackers came from Saudi Arabia? Do you remember that the Taliban gave bin Laden a base in Afghanistan from which to attack the US? Maybe 3,000 dead Floridians and 150,000 dead Americans will improve your memory, but China is going to use its military to help you and other Americans avoid that outcome.

One other point. You are aware that the US and its allies left Iraq and are leaving Afghanistan BECAUSE THEY LOST! China and Russia are going to try and do something that the US and its allies FAILED to do! That is why China needs a bigger military.

Mar 06, 2014 12:29pm EST  --  Report as abuse
This discussion is now closed. We welcome comments on our articles for a limited period after their publication.