Confrontation in Ukraine as diplomacy stalls

SEVASTOPOL/KIEV Mon Mar 10, 2014 7:06pm EDT

1 of 12. A member of a pro-Russian self defence unit takes an oath to Crimea government in Simferopol March 10, 2014.

Credit: Reuters/Vasily Fedosenko

SEVASTOPOL/KIEV (Reuters) - A pro-Russian force opened fire in seizing a Ukrainian military base in Crimea on Monday and NATO announced reconnaissance flights along its eastern frontiers as confrontation around the Black Sea peninsula showed no sign of easing.

Ukrainian activists trying to cross into Crimea to show solidarity with opponents of last week's Russian military takeover there said they were halted by men in uniforms of the now outlawed riot police. One of these fired at close range, hitting a man in the chest, apparently with rubber bullets.

With diplomacy at a standstill, Russia said the United States had spurned an invitation to hold new talks on resolving the crisis, the worst East-West standoff since the Cold War - though Washington later said a meeting of foreign ministers was possible this week, if Moscow shows it is ready to "engage".

The U.S.-led NATO defense alliance said AWACS early warning aircraft, once designed to counter feared Soviet nuclear missile strikes, will start reconnaissance flights on Tuesday over Poland and Romania to monitor the situation in Ukraine, flying from bases in Germany and Britain.

British Prime Minister David Cameron told Germany's Bild newspaper, however, that Western powers were not considering military action and wanted a diplomatic solution. European Union governments are considering sanctions against Russia.

Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseny Yatseniuk, who said he would address the U.N. Security Council on Thursday, blamed the crisis on Russia and accused Moscow of undermining the global security system by taking control of Crimea.

Ukraine's new justice authorities issued warrants for the arrest of Crimea's pro-Russia leaders on Monday, six days before a referendum they have called to join the region to Russia.

Russian forces have in little more than a week taken over military installations across Crimea, home to the Russian Black Sea Fleet and Russian territory until Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev gave it to Ukraine in 1954.

Pro-Russian separatists have taken control of the regional parliament, declared Crimea part of the Russian Federation and announced the referendum for Sunday to confirm this.

President Vladimir Putin says Moscow is acting to protect the rights of ethnic Russians, who make up a majority of Crimea's population, after Ukraine's president Viktor Yanukovich was ousted last month in what Russia calls a coup.

BASE TAKEOVER

On Monday, a Ukrainian defense official said a Russian-led military force of about a dozen men fired in the air as they took control of a Ukrainian naval base near the town of Bakhchisaray, though no one was hurt.

The force was accompanied by the base's Ukrainian commander. He persuaded a number of his men to join the Russian forces while allowing others who refused to leave, the Ukrainian official, Vladislav Seleznyov wrote on Facebook. The Russian force later drove off with nine Ukrainian vehicles.

Yarik Alexandrov, one of the Ukrainian naval personnel who refused to pledge allegiance to Moscow, told Reuters near the base that he and his comrades at first refused to surrender: "Then they started shooting round our feet and we surrendered," he said. "What could we do? We had no weapons."

Similar small confrontations have taken place at other Ukrainian bases around Crimea, though shooting has been rare and there has so far been no bloodshed. Russia denies its troops are involved - a stance ridiculed in Kiev and the West.

In a sign of the peninsula's growing isolation from the Ukrainian mainland, armed men prevented a convoy of cars from a Ukrainian activist group crossing into Crimea.

The group was part of the Maidan movement behind the protests which forced Yanukovich to flee to Russia. Ukrainian television showed men in the uniform of the Berkut riot police, banned by the new authorities for its role in shooting dozens of demonstrators in Kiev last month, blocking the road south.

One was shown firing twice, hitting a man in the chest. His injuries appeared minor, suggesting the use of rubber bullets.

In other armed action, Russian forces took over a military hospital and a missile unit. Reuters correspondents also saw a big Russian convoy on the move just outside the port city of Sevastopol near a Ukrainian air defense base.

It comprised more than 100 vehicles, including around 20 armored personnel carriers, plus mobile artillery.

CHANCE OF TALKS SPURNED

Putin says Russia is not controlling events in Crimea but denials of Russian involvement are rejected by the United States as the two former Cold War enemies wage a geopolitical battle over the future of Crimea and Ukraine.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov told Putin that Russia's position on Ukraine remained at odds with the West, but U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry had declined an invitation to visit Russia on Monday for further talks.

"It is all being formulated as if there was a conflict between Russia and Ukraine ... and our partners suggested using the situation created by a coup as a starting point," Lavrov told Putin during talks in the Black Sea resort of Sochi.

He did not say why Kerry had postponed the talks.

The State Department said Kerry told Lavrov on Saturday that Washington wanted Moscow to cease its drive to annex Crimea and end "provocative steps". In a statement, it added: "Kerry made clear to Foreign Minister Lavrov that he would welcome further discussions focused on how to de-escalate the crisis in Ukraine if and when we see concrete evidence that Russia is prepared to engage on these proposals."

In Kiev, Yatseniuk said he would address the United Nations Security Council during a debate on Ukraine. He is also due to hold talks with the U.S. government which will show Washington's support of the new Ukrainian leadership.

"Russia's policy is aimed at undermining the basis of the global security system and revising the outcome of World War Two," Interfax quoted Yatseniuk as telling reporters.

Western powers have rallied behind Ukraine's new leaders and on Monday the World Bank said it planned to provide up to $3 billion this year to see Kiev through an economic crisis.

Ukraine's crisis was triggered in November by Yanukovich's refusal, under Russian pressure, to sign deals on closer political and trade ties with the European Union.

Although three months of protests against Yanukovich were mostly peaceful, at least 80 demonstrators were killed in clashes after police used force against them, some by sniper fire.

Yanukovich fled Ukraine before a peace deal with the opposition was implemented, and a new national unity government was installed. He is wanted for mass murder in Ukraine and is being sheltered by Russia.

WEST DOES NOT RECOGNISE REFERENDUM

Western countries have denounced the Russian intervention in Crimea and say the borders of Ukraine, a country of 46 million, should remain unchanged. They have said they will not accept the outcome of Sunday's vote.

"The United States is not prepared to recognize any result of the so-called referendum taking place in six days' time," U.S. ambassador Geoffrey Pyatt said in Kiev. "We are committed to Crimea's status as part of Ukraine. The crisis needs to be solved diplomatically, not militarily."

In the latest military movements, in Sevastopol, where Russia has its Black Sea Fleet base, Russian forces disarmed servicemen at a Ukrainian army missile base, Seleznyov said.

He told Fifth Channel television that about 200 soldiers aboard 14 trucks moved on the building at about 1.30 a.m and threatened to storm it if the Ukrainian soldiers failed to give up their weapons.

In the eastern city of Luhansk, Ukraine's security services said they were investigating the takeover on Sunday of the main administrative building. The region's top official was held captive in a room where he was made to write a letter saying he had resigned but later said he was still performing his duties.

(Reporting by Richard Balmforth, Timothy Heritage, Ron Popeski, Alastair Macdonald and Aleksandar Vasovic in Kiev and Alexei Anishchuk in Sochi; Writing by Ron Popeski and Alastair Macdonald; editing by David Stamp)

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Comments (81)
BillRozar wrote:
This situation appears to be a rerun of the Crimean War which started on March 31,1854. 150 years ago this month. For The Russian Federation to retake Crimea 150 years after it was lost by Nicholas I will be a momentous event in Russian history. At that time Germany(read Prussia) remained neutral and after the war became the central power in Europe. Britain and France the opposing powers lost prestige and influence as well as Russia who lost the war.Crimea is a European problem not an American problem. If we want to have influence in the world we should let the Europeans handle this and remain neutral .When the crisis is over we will be in a better position to influence future events. Putin knows the history of this area better than anyone.He knows that de facto trumps de jure in geo politcal situations and he is already a couple of moves ahead of the West.If we want to get ahead we should be looking at creating a partition of Ukraine into East and West and investing IMF money in the West and Russian money in the East say about 15 Billion dollars each and providing a monitoring function by Germany funded at about 5 Billion to assure adequate elections and that minorities are protected.This we calm the situation,promote growth,stabilize the economy of both regions and return stability to the area.

Mar 09, 2014 11:30pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
StephanLarose wrote:
Ah the West, our hypocrisy never ends. People have the right to self-determination, we say, until you choose something we don’t want that is…. We have the right to invade countries illegally we say… but Russia, you can’t send troops to your own bases to defend your own people. How on earth does anyone take us seriously? Law, morality, these things seem to matter not one whit to us so-called “civilized” people. No wonder we’re in decline, we let white collar criminals run our governments and economies, we commit war crimes and atrocities on epic scales and spurn every lesson of the last world wars, not to mention democratic history, simply to feed the egos (and bank accounts) of our most corrupt, most greedy and most unscrupulous citizens.

Mar 09, 2014 11:39pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
YesNoMaybeSo wrote:
@StephanLarose Invading and annexing a Country are two different things. Russia didn’t just send troops to their own bases. Where and when were the Crimean Russians threatened? From what was filmed in Crimea, it was the reverse. Seems all was trumped up BS to annex part of the Ukraine and expand Russian territory. Some in Russia long for the old USSR, that’s all this is about. In an age when cameras are everywhere, the “deny everything” routine doesn’t fly, not for the USA and not for Russia. I only hope the Russian people can see the truth about what is going on and who is leading their country.

Mar 09, 2014 12:04am EDT  --  Report as abuse
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