U.S. says U.N. report lays blame on Syria government for hindered aid

UNITED NATIONS Wed Mar 26, 2014 11:26am EDT

Men donate blood during a campaign to supply blood to field hospitals in Aleppo March 23, 2014. REUTERS/Abdalrhman Ismail

Men donate blood during a campaign to supply blood to field hospitals in Aleppo March 23, 2014.

Credit: Reuters/Abdalrhman Ismail

UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - A U.N. report on how Syria's neediest civilians are often not accessible to humanitarian relief workers makes it clear that the government of President Bashar al-Assad shoulders most of the blame, a U.S. official said on Tuesday.

A month after the 15-member U.N. Security Council achieved rare consensus to approve a resolution demanding rapid, safe and unhindered aid access in Syria, including across borders, U.N. chief Ban Ki-moon said in a new report that the situation "remains extremely challenging.

His report, which was delivered to council members on Sunday but has not been officially released, criticized both the government and rebels for hindering access to civilians caught in the crossfire of the three-year civil war.

But in Washington's view, Ban's report was especially damning for the government.

"What the report shows is that the magnitude and frequency of violence committed by the Assad regime far outstrips that of the armed groups in Syria," a U.S. official told Reuters on condition of anonymity.

"The Syrian government's massive and indiscriminate use of violence is the single most important factor driving the humanitarian crisis," the official said. "The report is very clear on this and in pointing to the government's failure to implement the resolution's provisions."

Syria's U.N. ambassador, Bashar Ja'afari, rejected the "biased and ungenuine (U.S.) way of looking at the report."

He told Reuters that Washington did not "acknowledge the huge positive developments achieved between the Syrian government on one hand and the OCHA (U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs) on the other hand."

"The American approach has been negative from the beginning of the crisis in Syria," he added.


Ban's first report to the council on the implementation of the February 22 resolution said 175,000 people remain besieged by government forces and 45,000 people trapped by opposition groups. No new ceasefires were brokered to gain access to these areas and there were breaches of existing ceasefires.

Some 9.3 million people in Syria need humanitarian assistance, Ban said, while another 2.6 million have fled the three-year civil war, sparked in March 2011 by a revolt against Assad.

The Security Council is due to discuss Ban's report on Friday. Several council diplomats told Reuters that it was highly unlikely that Russia would agree to declare Assad's government in non-compliance with the February 22 resolution, a move that could trigger new calls for sanctions.

Russia, supported by China, has shielded its ally Syria on the Security Council during the conflict. The two had previously vetoed three resolutions that would have condemned Syria's government and threatened it with possible sanctions.

The U.S. official rejected the idea that moderate opposition groups should be equated with extremist groups fighting to topple Assad, including al Qaeda splinter groups such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, also known as ISIS, and the al-Nusra Front.

"Differentiating between groups like al-Nusra and ISIS, which have blocked humanitarian access and committed atrocities against civilians, and moderate civil and armed opposition groups that have facilitated humanitarian access is very important," the official said.

The U.S. official added that Syrian government forces continue to drop barrel bombs, fire artillery and launch airstrikes against civilian targets.

"We have seen that moderate opposition groups, frequently working with relief organizations and local councils, have been instrumental in facilitating the delivery of aid to desperate civilians, including in Aleppo and Idlib," the official said.

"It is the Assad regime that has repeatedly used bureaucratic obstacles, like visa applications and border controls, to block passage of humanitarian assistance," the official said. "This is deplorable behavior on the part of a member state."

U.N. aid chief Valerie Amos has repeatedly expressed frustration that violence and red tape have slowed aid deliveries across Syria to a trickle.

(Reporting By Louis Charbonneau; Editing by Ken Wills)

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Comments (3)
itsmysayokay wrote:
This diplomacy is going no where and there needs to be some kind of enforcement of the agreement. Assad is THE terrorist and he needs to be removed by force. Drop a drone bomb on his palace or whatever but get the population who are extremely suffering war atrocities and indignant treatment by their own Government! This has to be STOPPED period!

Mar 26, 2014 9:12am EDT  --  Report as abuse
cirrus7 wrote:
One American or Saudi or Turkish or Israeli pilot could set this Humaniarian nightmare on the right path – if just one real fighter was to take on the mercenary killers of families, safe in their warplanes and helicopters … they would all flee back to Tehran.

If Obama was to finally stand up to Putin, and launch a few missiles, for example at the underground storage warehouses packed with artillery, rockets, explosives, and even SCUD missiles, who knows, half of Damascus might be blasted into orbit!

No “thousands bombed” or even a “War”, since the penalties for waging a War ON Civilians instead of transferred Chemical Weapons are not specified in the Disarmament Agreement, therefore not limited either.

Mar 26, 2014 11:39am EDT  --  Report as abuse
Fromkin wrote:
“Differentiating between groups like al-Nusra and ISIS, which have blocked humanitarian access and committed atrocities against civilians, and moderate civil and armed opposition groups that have facilitated humanitarian access is very important,” the (US) official said.

The US is simply trying to use a bogus humanitarian argument to intervene militarily on behalf of terrorists. Moderate opposition is the latest fiction it is pushing.

What happened to the most effective rebel fighting forces on the ground Reuters was telling us about? That is when Reuters was reporting their daily “advances” as they were slaughtering innocent civilians while West was using their crimes to mount a vicious media smear campaign against the Syrian government?

Now all of a sudden they get replaced by “moderate opposition”, which the West has never supported.

The West refused even to invite Syrian based opposition groups in Geneva talks. So what moderate opposition the US is talking about?

Mar 26, 2014 1:14pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
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