South Korea's Park says conduct of ferry crew tantamount to murder

JINDO, South Korea Mon Apr 21, 2014 5:22pm EDT

1 of 12. People take part in a candlelight vigil for missing passenger onboard the South Korean ferry Sewol, which capsized on last Wednesday, in Ansan April 21, 2014.

Credit: Reuters/Yonhap

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JINDO, South Korea (Reuters) - South Korean President Park Geun-hye said on Monday the actions of some crew of a ferry that sank with hundreds feared dead were tantamount to murder, as a four-year-old video transcript showed the captain promoting the safety of the same route.

Sixty-four people are known to have died and 238 are missing, presumed dead, in the sinking of the Sewol ferry last Wednesday. Most of the victims are high school children.

Captain Lee Joon-seok, 69, and two other crew members were arrested last week on negligence charges, with prosecutors announcing four further arrests - two first mates, one second mate and a chief engineer - on Monday.

Lee was also charged with undertaking an "excessive change of course without slowing down" while traversing a narrow channel.

Several crew members, including the captain, left the ferry as it was sinking, ahead of the passengers, witnesses have said.

Park said the crew's desertion was tantamount to murder.

"Above all, the conduct of the captain and some crew members is unfathomable from the viewpoint of common sense, and it was like an act of murder that cannot and should not be tolerated," she told aides.

Lee, the captain, said in a promotional video four years ago that the journey from the port city of Incheon to the holiday island of Jeju was safe - as long as passengers followed the instructions of the crew.

He also told a newspaper that he had been involved in a sea accident off Japan years before.

The irony of the video is the crew ordered the passengers to stay put in their cabins as the ferry sank. As is customary in hierarchical Korean society, the orders were not questioned.

However, many of those who escaped alive either did not hear or flouted the instructions and were rescued as they abandoned ship.

Of the 476 passengers and crew on board, 339 were children and teachers on a high school outing.

"Passengers who take our ship to and from Incheon and Jeju can enjoy a safe and pleasant trip and I believe it is safer than any other vehicle as long as they follow the instructions of our crew members," Lee said in the 2010 promotional video, according to transcripts broadcast by regional cable station OBS. He was not referring to the Sewol, which came into service on that route in 2013.

The Jeju Today newspaper interviewed Lee in 2004 when he spoke of close shaves at sea including passing through a typhoon and a previous sinking off Japan.

"The first ship I took was a log carrier vessel and it capsized near Okinawa. A helicopter from Japan's Self-Defence Force came and rescued me. Had it not been for their help, I wouldn't be here now."

The newspaper did not give further details.

"I KNOW HOW HE SAID 'DAD'"

Parents of the children missing in the accident in what is likely to turn out to be one of South Korea's worst maritime disasters sat exhausted from days of grief on Monday, waiting for the almost inevitable news that their loved ones had died.

They have spent all their time since the accident in a gymnasium in the port city of Jindo, taking it in turns to vent their anger at the crew's inaction and slow pace of the rescue operation.

One of those waiting in the gymnasium was Kim Chang-gu, whose son Kim Dong-hyup is among the missing.

"I dream about him and hear hallucinatory sounds," he told Reuters. "Somebody told me he was alive but I now have given up. I know how he said 'Dad'. I keep hearing that."

Divers are retrieving the bodies at a faster pace and some parents have moved from the gymnasium to the pier to await news.

Others stay put on their mattresses in the gym, where one by one, parents are informed that a body matches a family DNA swab, prompting wailing and collapses.

Two U.S. underwater drones have been deployed in the search for bodies, a coastguard official said. Strong tides hampered operations overnight but the weather was better on Monday.

A clearer picture has started to emerge of the time around the accident after coastguards released a recording of a conversation between vessel controllers and the ship.

Witnesses have said the Sewol turned sharply before it began listing. It took more than two hours for it to capsize completely but passengers were ordered to stay put in their cabins.

According to the transcript, the controllers told the captain to "decide how best to evacuate the passengers" and that he should "make the final decision on whether or not to evacuate".

Lee was not on the bridge when the ship turned. Navigation was in the hands of a 26-year old third mate who was in charge for the first time on that part of the journey, according to crew members.

The transcript shows crew on the ship worried there were not enough rescue boats to take all the passengers. Witnesses said the captain and some crew members took to rescue boats before the passengers.

Lee said earlier he feared that passengers would be swept away by the ferocious currents if they leapt into the sea. He has not explained why he left the vessel.

Pupils at the children's school in Ansan, a gritty commuter town on the outskirts of Seoul, set up shrines to the dead and posted messages for the missing.

The vice-principal of the school, who survived the accident, hanged himself outside the gymnasium in Jindo. His body was discovered by police on Friday.

(Additional reporting by Narae Kim in Seoul; Writing by Nick Macfie; Editing by Robert Birsel)

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Comments (25)
“As is customary in hierarchical Korean society, the orders were not questioned.” This is a most extraordinary comment. It is standard procedure on public conveyances throughout the world to require passengers to obey the instructions of the conveyance’s operator or conductor in the event of an emergency: everyone who has ever ridden in a bus, train, subway car, or aeroplane can attest to this fact. Now it is indeed unfortunate that most of the passengers on the ill-starred Sewol did obey the crew’s instructions, because, in this particular case, they appear to have been mistaken. Suppose, however, that, instead of capsizing and drawing in water, the Sewol’s accident had involved volatile materials being spilled and set ablaze: the passengers would have been safer keeping to their cabins instead of running out into the corridor. Moreover, those below deck would have had no way of knowing what had happened to their ship, other than that it had suddenly veered and was listing dangerously, and therefore had no choice but to let the crew be their eyes and ears– and to accord the obedience explicitly required of them as passengers. But all this is beside the point. The writers of the article are suggesting that, by trusting in the crew’s judgment, the passengers of the Sewol were somehow behaving in a typically Korean manner (one that, the writers imply, led to higher rates of death and injury), when in fact the Sewol’s passengers were doing what is, in most cases, commonsensical but which, in this particular case, tragically ill-advised. If one follows the writers’ implication to its logical end, the next time an emergency occurs aboard a public conveyance, we as passengers should all exercise our own discretion as to whether or not to follow the crew’s instructions, and the safety and lives of everyone else be damned. In other words, let’s not behave like those hierarchy-bound Koreans, who could have saved themselves if only they had had the gumption to flout authority and take matters into their own hands. Die Hard, anyone? I believe that a retraction and an apology are owed to the Sewols’ passengers and their families, and to this website’s readers, for this scarcely veiled piece of racism.

Apr 20, 2014 12:56am EDT  --  Report as abuse
dcayman wrote:
Hierarchal society based solely on age and not education or accomplishment is doomed to fail.

Apr 21, 2014 1:17am EDT  --  Report as abuse
FatherJames wrote:
…Couple of Italian ships… recent one, and one some years ago off South Africa. Captains evacuated before any passengers. South Africa, the entertainers took command of the essentially crew less ship and organized the passengers until South African Navy divers got aboard. Captain was a sniveling coward… crew saw no reason to be any better… Fortunately nobody died, but the captain should have spent the rest of his life in prison.
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…In general a captain is expected to remain on board unless he can better supervise from an adjacent rescue ship. Showing a yellow streak and abandoning passengers to their fate not included in that exception.
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… Ordering the passengers to remain in cabins while abandoning the listing ship qualifies most places as what we call “depraved indifference” which in the U.S. gets you charged with 2nd degree murder… Not talking about the ship’s entertainment director… but a captain with moral and legal responsibility.
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…Most captains would die on the bridge rather than shirk their responsibility… Some have gotten off on “technicalities…” claiming abandoning ship and “organizing” things from shore their motivation. If loopholes, law of the sea needs changed.
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…Women and children first, remainder of passengers… followed by crew (not actively running lifeboats) ship’s officers and captain. The first Italian captain got away with his criminal act… the second one may plea bargain… The Korean captain will almost certainly get his just deserts from the Korean government…
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Apr 21, 2014 1:28am EDT  --  Report as abuse
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