Pakistan plans new Islamic bank capital adequacy rules, money market
* Central bank wants level playing field for Islamic banks
* To amend capital requirements for Islamic branches, subsidiaries
* Will develop Islamic interbank money market, placement facility
* To adopt IFSB standards on capital adequacy, supervisory review
By Bernardo Vizcaino
April 30 (Reuters) - Pakistan's central bank will phase in new rules on capital adequacy for Islamic banking and intends to develop a sharia-compliant interbank money market later this year.
The initiatives are part of an ambitious five-year plan by the regulator to promote Islamic finance through an array of proposed legislative changes, product incentives and instructions to market participants.
They are designed to ensure a level playing field for Islamic banks in the majority-Muslim nation, Saleem Ullah, director of the central bank's Islamic banking department, said in a conference call hosted by Thomson Reuters.
The plans call for lowering minimum capital requirements (MCR) for Islamic subsidiaries, while increasing them for Islamic branches operated by conventional banks, said Ullah.
Current capital requirements are the same for full-fledged Islamic banks and Islamic subsidiaries, while conventional banks can set up Islamic branches with only nominal capital allocations.
"A road map will be developed in the next six months, that would set out gradual changes in MCR for Islamic banking branches over a five-year period."
The move could encourage conversion of Islamic branches into Islamic subsidiaries. But it would still give conventional lenders the option to operate Islamic branches - a format that has been limited by regulators in Oman and banned outright in Qatar.
Last month, Pakistan's central bank issued new rules for the operation of Islamic banking windows, which allow conventional lenders to offer Islamic financial services provided client money is segregated from the rest of the bank.
As of December, Pakistan had five full-fledged Islamic banks and 14 others offering Islamic finance services; they held a 9.6 percent share of total banking assets in the country, according to the latest official data. That compares with around 25 percent in the Gulf Arab region.
Banks are already moving to segregate their Islamic units: Karachi-based MCB Bank will set up a wholly owned Islamic banking subsidiary after dropping plans last week to take a stake in Islamic lender Burj Bank.
Others look set to convert to full-fledged Islamic banks, including Summit Bank and Faysal Bank.
The regulator is also finalising details on an Islamic liquidity framework, consisting of an Islamic interbank money market (IIMM) and a facility run by the central bank, to be available in the next three to six months, said Ullah.
"This would largely address the short-term liquidity management issue of Islamic banking institutions."
Under the framework, banks would be required to settle their short-term liquidity needs through the IIMM, while surplus funds would be absorbed by a mudaraba-based placement facility set up by the central bank, Ullah said.
Mudaraba is a form of investment partnership that is common in Islamic finance. The central bank's facility would be remunerated based on the performance of a portfolio of assets managed by the central bank, which would act as the investment manager or mudarib.
The central bank plans to start the facility with an asset base consisting of sukuk and other sharia-compliant investments of between 200 billion and 300 billion rupees ($2.0-3.0 billion), Ullah added.
The central bank will also adopt as many as three standards from the Malaysia-based Islamic Financial Services Board (IFSB), a major industry body, including those on capital adequacy and the supervisory review process, said Ullah.
"The capital adequacy standard could be in place for the financial year 2015, and it would give more space for Islamic banks to manage their capital. This would give a big boost for the Islamic finance industry."
The regulator has already adopted three IFSB standards in full on risk management, corporate governance and sharia governance, as well as parts of others in areas such as market transparency. (Editing by Andrew Torchia)