Pope defends predecessor Pius against Holocaust charges

VATICAN CITY Fri Jun 13, 2014 11:48am EDT

1 of 2. Pope Francis (C) stands in between Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (L) and Israeli President Shimon Peres during a ceremony in the Hall of Remembrance at the Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial in Jerusalem May 26, 2014.

Credit: Reuters/Baz Ratner

VATICAN CITY (Reuters) - Pope Francis has strongly defended his wartime predecessor Pius XII against accusations he turned a blind eye to the Holocaust, saying the opening of Vatican archives will shed light on the controversy.

In an interview published on Friday in the Spanish newspaper La Vanguardia, Francis condemned anti-Semitism, saying it was a "continuing" problem that was more prevalent in right-wing parties in Europe, and called Holocaust denial "madness".

He also repeated that he did not rule out resigning as pope like his predecessor Benedict XVI if he felt he could no longer rule the 1.2 billion member Roman Catholic Church, saying that he would ask God for guidance "when the time comes".

In his most comprehensive remarks to date on the controversy surrounding Pius, Francis confirmed that he intended to open up the Vatican archives for the wartime period but he did not say when that would happen.

"They will shed a lot of light," he said.

Some Jews have accused Pius, who ruled from 1939 to 1958, of turning a blind eye to the Holocaust. The controversy has put a strain on Catholic-Jewish relations for decades.

The Vatican says Pius worked behind the scenes to save thousands of Jews and did not speak out more forcefully for fear that his words could have led to more deaths of both Jews and Christians at the hands of the Nazis.

"I don't want to say that Pius XII did not make any mistakes - I myself make many - but he has to be seen in the context of that era. For example, was it better for him not to speak out so that more Jews were not killed, or that he speak out?" he said.

Francis, the first non-European pope in 1,300 years, said that during the war his predecessor was seen as "a great defender of Jews", and that his critics "have dumped all kinds of things on poor Pius XII".


He said Pius ordered the Church to hide many Jews in the convents of Rome and other Italian cities, that he sheltered Jews in the papal summer residence south of Rome and that 42 children of Jews and other refugees were born in his apartments there.

He said he sometimes "breaks out in an existential rash" when "everyone takes it out against the Church and Pius XII" and "forgets" the responsibility of the great wartime powers.

"Did you know that they knew perfectly the train network the Nazis used to take the Jews to concentration camps? They had photos. But they didn't bomb the train tracks. Why? It would be good if we could talk a little about everything," he said.

Last month Francis visited the Yad Vashem memorial to Holocaust victims in Jerusalem. The Yad Vashem's website, addressing the issue of the allies activity during the war, says: "In practice, no military initiatives were taken to prevent or delay the extermination."

Jewish groups have asked Francis and his predecessors to freeze the process that could lead to sainthood for Pius until the all the World War Two era archives are opened to historians, saying Catholic-Jewish relations could be harmed if the process moved ahead.

Speaking to reporters on the plane returning from Jerusalem last month, Francis said the sainthood cause for Pius was stalled because he had not been credited with performing a miracle, which Church rules require, suggesting it was not stalled because of any outside pressure.

(Additional reporting by Isla Binnie; Editing by Alison Williams)

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Comments (2)
JoeSchmoe123 wrote:
Henry Ford was long known to be anti-semite in the years preceding WWII. He published scathing commentaries in his Dearborn, MI newspaper. But I’d like to know, did he influence Adolph Hitler? I’ve heard that Hitler was a fan of Henry Ford but cannot substantiate it.

Because, like the head-scratching first comment here, I’m finding history to not be so set in stone as my childhood public education taught us.

Jun 13, 2014 6:28pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
Tiu wrote:
“But while President Bush publicly embraced the community of holocaust survivors in Washington last spring, he and his family have been keeping a secret from them for over 50 years about Prescott Bush, the president’s grandfather. According to classified documents from Dutch intelligence and US government archives, President George W. Bush’s grandfather, Prescott Bush made considerable profits off Auschwitz slave labor. In fact, President Bush himself is an heir to these profits from the holocaust which were placed in a blind trust in 1980 by his father, former president George Herbert Walker Bush.

Throughout the Bush family’s decades of public life, the American press has gone out of its way to overlook one historical fact – that through Union Banking Corporation (UBC), Prescott Bush, and his father-in-law, George Herbert Walker, along with German industrialist Fritz Thyssen, financed Adolf Hitler before and during World War II. It was first reported in 1994 by John Loftus and Mark Aarons in The Secret War Against the Jews: How Western Espionage Betrayed the Jewish People.”

source – http://newsmine.org/content.php?ol=cabal-elite/families/bush-dynasty/bush-family-holocaust.txt

Jun 13, 2014 11:27pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
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