Ukraine threatens to retake territory from defiant rebels

KIEV/DONETSK Ukraine Wed Jul 9, 2014 4:23pm EDT

1 of 6. Buildings damaged by a recent shelling are seen in the eastern Ukrainian village of Semenovka July 9, 2014.

Credit: Reuters/Gleb Garanich

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KIEV/DONETSK Ukraine (Reuters) - Ukrainian government forces on Wednesday warned separatists in the eastern town of Donetsk that a plan was now in place to take back the territory they occupy, but defiant rebels reported a steady flow of new recruits who were ready to fight.

The Ukrainian military pushed the rebels out of their best-fortified stronghold in the town of Slaviansk on Saturday, but they have regrouped for a stand in Donetsk, a city of nearly a million people. Rebels also still control strategic buildings in Luhansk near the Russian border.

Separatists said on Tuesday that Igor Strelkov, a Russian military officer from Moscow who until the weekend led rebels in Slaviansk, had assumed command of the "defense of Donetsk".

President Petro Poroshenko has ruled out using air strikes and artillery that might endanger civilians and said on Tuesday night: "There will be no street fighting in Donetsk."

But the government says it has a plan to retake Donetsk and Luhansk and deliver a "nasty surprise" for the rebels.

Military spokesman Andriy Lysenko spelled out the threat on Wednesday, saying: "There's a plan to liberate Ukrainian territory from the terrorists, and it doesn't depend on the readiness or the unreadiness of Strelkov and his underlings to defend, as they call it, the Donbass."

But separatists in charge of a 'mobilization' center for the self-proclaimed 'people's republic' said on Wednesday that recruitment of new fighters was continuing at a pace since Strelkov made an appeal for fresh recruits on Tuesday.

About 300 volunteers had come forward to join up since Tuesday, many more than the usual number of 25-30 people per day, separatists at the center said.

Pro-Russian separatists have been fighting government forces in the Russian-speaking east since April in a conflict in which more than 200 Ukrainian troops have been killed as well as hundreds of civilians and rebels.

The conflict has driven relations between Russia and the ex-Soviet republic to an all-time low and sparked the worst crisis in Russia's relations with the West since the Cold War.

After a patchy performance at the start of the campaign, government forces have been re-invigorated by the Slaviansk victory and signs that rebel calls on Russia for help are now going unheeded.

Poroshenko referred back to those early days of the campaign when, he said, Ukrainian soldiers had refused to carry out orders and refused to fight, a time when "a bunch of provocateurs could stop a brigade of paratroopers or special forces".

"On July 7 the country had 320 km (200 miles) of open border (with Russia) ... A month has passed and now the army ensures the border is closed," he said.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Francois Hollande spoke by phone with Poroshenko on Wednesday, with the aim of restarting talks with separatists on a ceasefire, Merkel's spokesman said.

But hundreds of rebels are setting up barricades and digging in on the outskirts of Donetsk since pouring in from Slaviansk and nearby areas recaptured by the government.

PAYING NEW FIGHTERS

Many of the rebel fighters are from Russia, though Moscow denies supporting their revolt, which began in April after Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimea peninsula following the overthrow of a Moscow-backed president in Kiev.

Despite the rebels' claim of a strong flow of recruits, Strelkov, also known as Igor Girkin, appeared to be disappointed at the number of volunteers coming forward. He told a local rebel TV station that volunteers would be offered monthly pay of 5,000-8,000 hryvnia ($430 to $690) from now on to fight.

"Maybe this will help those people who are hesitating to find the strength in themselves and join the ranks," he said.

But Lysenko derided this as an empty offer: "The terrorists are resorting to all methods to deceive the local population. We are coming across leaflets with promises that they are ready to ... pay 8,000 hryvnia and 20,000 Russian roubles ($600) per month. They are stopping at nothing to try and persuade people to come over to their side." Many men of fighting age were wary of the call to arms.

In Donetsk, Evhen, a 35-year-old who runs his own business, said: "I personally would only join if the situation became really critical. I never did military service and I have no military experience. I support the idea (of insurgency), but there is no clear support (from Russia). Sensible people worry about how it will all end."

A 19-year-old who would not give his name said: "I won't join them. For a start, I want a united country. Secondly, there are an awful lot of marginals among them. There are robbers. They frighten people and take away their businesses and cars."

APPEAL FOR AID

In Kiev, Prime Minister Arseny Yatseniuk meanwhile appealed to Western institutions and donors for further cash and credit to rebuild infrastructure such as roads, bridges and buildings in the east that have been shattered by the conflict.

But he expressed confidence that Ukraine's compliance with criteria set by the International Monetary Fund meant the Kiev government was on course to secure soon a second tranche of $1.5 billion under a $17 billion IMF program.

The ex-Soviet republic received a first slice of slightly more than $3 billion in May under a program drawn up to help it plug holes in its budget and settle a big foreign debt.

But Ukraine told international donors on Tuesday in Brussels that the Fund's bailout was not enough to bring about a full recovery because of the drain caused by the cost of the war against the separatists, and it called on them to join in a "Marshall Plan" to further help Ukraine's recovery.

Ukraine's turn towards the West and away from Moscow has cost it billions of dollars in promised Russian support for an economy on the verge of bankruptcy after years of rule rated by watchdogs as among the world's most corrupt.

Taking up the same theme on Wednesday, Yatseniuk said Ukraine needed further aid to establish functioning infrastructure on the border with Russia.

In addition, Ukraine wanted help to meet an estimated cost of 8 billion hryvnia (about $700 million) to rebuild infrastructure.

Yatseniuk said Ukraine would also want donors' help to work out a "post-rehabilitation" program to regenerate the Donbass - an economically depressed eastern region of decaying infrastructure in the steel and coal industries - which has become the battleground for the insurgency.

The European Union agreed to add 11 new names to the list of persons targeted with asset freezes and travel bans over the Ukraine crisis and the sanctions are likely to take effect on Saturday, an EU diplomat said.

Ukraine accused Russia of abducting a woman army officer who was captured by separatist fighters in eastern Ukraine.

Nadezhda Savchenko, 33, was seized by pro-Russian rebels in June while she was fighting with pro-government militia on the outskirts of Luhansk on the border with Russia, local media say.

The Ukrainian foreign ministry demanded her release but Moscow said she had been charged with involvement in the deaths of two Russian reporters killed near Luhansk.

(Writing by Richard Balmforth; Editing by Will Waterman and Giles Elgood)

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Comments (30)
111Dave111 wrote:
Igor Strelkov, a Russian from Moscow who is now the main rebel commander in the city, appeared to be disappointed at the number of volunteers coming forward for the rebels. He told local rebel TV station that from July volunteers would be offered a monthly pay of 5,000-8,000 hryvnia ($430 to $690) to fight.

Igor from Moscow has nothing to lose, yet a ‘volunteer’ from Donetsk or Luhansk, would be put on the front line, with no way to return home.

Jul 09, 2014 12:40pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
itsmysayokay wrote:
Just pack up your bags and go to Russia you Russian Speakers and save a losing battle because if not you are in deep waters!You are theives and marauders….go to russia or pay the price!

Jul 09, 2014 1:15pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
Bfstk wrote:
US an EU money is being used to kill civilians. The Victoria Nuland song that ‘we have no evidence of civilian deaths’ sounds a little like Adolph Eichmann. Unless a mortar fell on her head we can suppose Ms Nuland and her state Department henchmen couldn’t accept that their Poroshenko lap dog is killing his own people with our money. Meanwhile, Kiev claims it can’t pay for the gas it stole from Russia. Hmm sounds fishy. with Iraq imploding and new war between Israel and the Plestinians you’d think the lunkhead in the Obama camp could focus on something worthwhile. Sleeping at the wheel while thousands of illegal immigrant children overwhelm the borders doesn’t give confidence that these incompetents are capable of dealing with much let alone stopping the murder and mayhem on Russia’s borders. That mayhem may wind up precipitating a Russian invasion of spectacular proportions after a big provocation eg shelling Russian territory or even invasion by Kiev Ukraine forces over the border and then the state Department can really choke on its wrongheaded policies.

Jul 09, 2014 1:27pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
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