Ukraine defiant on national day, rebels parade captives

KIEV/DONETSK Ukraine Sun Aug 24, 2014 10:09pm EDT

1 of 14. Soldiers salute as they parade on Tochka-U tactical rocket complexes during Ukraine's Independence Day military parade in the centre of Kiev August 24, 2014.

Credit: Reuters/Gleb Garanich

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KIEV/DONETSK Ukraine (Reuters) - Ukraine marked its independence day on Sunday with a military march-past in Kiev intended to send a message of defiance to Russia, but pro-Moscow rebels countered by parading captured Ukrainian troops through the streets of their main stronghold.

The rival events highlighted the divide that will have to be bridged if a compromise on Ukraine is to be reached on Tuesday when Russian President Vladimir Putin meets his Ukrainian counterpart Petro Poroshenko for the first time in months.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who visited Kiev on Saturday to try to lay the ground-work for a peace deal, said Tuesday's talks were unlikely to produce a breakthrough.

Kiev's forces are trying to crush a pro-Moscow separatist revolt in the east of Ukraine, and on Sunday intense artillery fire could be heard around the main rebel bastion of Donetsk.

On Independence Square in the Ukrainian capital Kiev -- scene of protests that pushed out a Moscow-backed president in February and precipitated the current crisis -- President Poroshenko reviewed columns of men and armoured vehicles.

Some of the troops in the march-past were shortly heading to the front line in eastern Ukraine, Poroshenko said.

In an emotional speech, he said his country was fighting "a war against external aggression, for Ukraine, for its freedom, for its people, for independence".

"It is clear that in the foreseeable future, unfortunately, a constant military threat will hang over Ukraine. And we need to learn not only to live with this, but also to be always prepared to defend the independence of our country," he said.

Poroshenko announced about $3 billion would be spent on re-equipping the army in 2015-2017. Ukraine's armed forces are only a fraction of the size of those in Russia.

After Ukraine's previous president, Viktor Yanukovich, fled to Russia, Moscow annexed Ukraine's Crimea peninsula in March and parts of the Russian-speaking east rebelled against Kiev.

Kiev and its Western allies accuse Moscow of funnelling weapons and men secretly into eastern Ukraine to shore up the struggling rebellion, a claim Moscow denies. Russia has called for an urgent ceasefire to provide help to trapped civilians.

POWS PARADED

In separatist-held Donetsk, about 100 people introduced over a public address system as Ukrainian prisoners-of-war were marched through the city's central Lenin Square on Sunday.

They looked dirty and unshaven and bowed their heads as they passed. Some had bandaged arms and heads. They were guarded by rebel fighters with guns, their bayonets fixed.

People who came to watch the parade shouted "fascists!" and "murderers!" and some threw bottles at the POWs. Two street-cleaning machines followed the column, spraying water on to the street in a theatrical gesture to indicate the men were unclean.

Earlier on Sunday, artillery shells hit the grounds of one of Donetsk's biggest hospitals. Authorities in Kiev deny targeting civilian areas.

"This is no independence day. This is a plague on our land, the fascists who have taken control of Kiev who are now shooting at hospitals and morgues," said Grigory, 71, at a display of captured military hardware in central Donetsk.

Diplomats say Tuesday's meeting between Putin and Poroshenko in the Belarussian capital Minsk may provide the best chance yet of ending a conflict that has left ties between Moscow and the West at their most toxic since the Cold War and has sparked sanctions that are hurting the Russian and European economies.

The two presidents last met in June in a frosty encounter in Normandy, France, at commemorations to mark the World War Two D-Day landings. They did not shake hands. Since then, the momentum in the conflict has tilted in Ukraine's favour.

With strong Western backing and progress on the battlefield, Kiev is now in a much stronger position. Putin, meanwhile, faces the stark choice of a humiliating defeat for the rebels or giving them direct help and so risking further sanctions that will inflict deeper pain on his economy.

The meeting in Minsk "certainly won't result in a breakthrough," Merkel told Germany's ARD television. "But you have to talk to each other if you want to find solutions."

The European Union's chief diplomat, Catherine Ashton, will be at the meeting to help mediate. On Sunday, Ashton said the meeting provided "an opportunity we should not miss".

FIGHTING

The sound of shelling in Donetsk on Sunday was unusually intense, with rebels saying the Ukrainian troops were trying to score a victory to mark their national day.

Separatist commanders said they were holding off the attacks and were launching their own counter-assaults.

Alexander Zakharchenko, prime minister of the self-proclaimed 'Donetsk People's Republic', said his forces had launched a counter-attack and were fighting to take the town of Olenivka, about 20 km (12 miles) south of Donetsk.

"I don't want to fight, I don't want to kill anyone, but I will fight to the last for my land," he told reporters. "We want to live the way we want to live on our own soil."

The Ukrainian military authorities said they had been making more advances on the battlefield, though the rebel collapse some in Kiev had predicted has not materialised.

Ukraine's border guard service said there had been several rounds of shelling into Ukraine from Russian artillery units, echoing similar allegations made by NATO officials.

Officials in Kiev said 722 people with Ukrainian government forces had died to date, a jump from 568 announced on Aug. 11.

(Additional reporting by Natalia Zinets; and Alessandra Prentice in Kiev, Michael Shields in Vienna, Madeline Chambers in Berlin, Anton Zverev and Maria Tsvetkova in Donetsk, Ukraine, and Polina Devitt in Moscow; Writing by Christian Lowe; Editing by Gareth Jones)

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Comments (4)
beofaction wrote:
It will be cold soon in the Ukraine and in Germany. We shall see how energetic Western sanctions become if Putin shuts off the gas!

Aug 24, 2014 10:37pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
BraveNewWrld wrote:
What a clean job, Reuters! All previous comments cleanly gone, can’t be found after I spent 5 minutes specifically trying to locate them.

Something Big Brother did not like? Had to be censored? Poor us…

Aug 25, 2014 10:19am EDT  --  Report as abuse
540i wrote:
The audacious lies propagated by all the western media make me sick.
Why don’t you guys do that? The numbers of killed Ukraininan sondercommandoes in Donbass is routinely slashed to 1/20 of the real numbers, no reporting from the war zone (although a few true photographs are posted here by Reuters of civilians maimed by the junta; they got through a dense censorship net somehow).
In fact, 5 thousand invadders are now encircled and being finished off
by the Noverossia army as I speak. The future of the artificial pseudostate of Ukraine has already been decided yet the hopelessly outdated “information” is being fed in the press to the not-much-interested public. A major war, where killing goes on at the rate
of Vietnam 1968, is expunged in western media. Bravo.I wonder what lies will bve fed to justify the coming disintegration of the junta in Kiev.

Aug 25, 2014 3:32pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
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