Afghan election contenders in last-ditch bid to rescue power-sharing deal

KABUL Wed Sep 3, 2014 7:47am EDT

Afghanistan's presidential candidate Abdullah Abdullah (L) addresses a news conference with rival Ashraf Ghani (R) at this side as they announced a deal for the auditing of all Afghan election votes at the United Nations Compound in Kabul, late July 12, 2014. REUTERS/Jim Bourg

Afghanistan's presidential candidate Abdullah Abdullah (L) addresses a news conference with rival Ashraf Ghani (R) at this side as they announced a deal for the auditing of all Afghan election votes at the United Nations Compound in Kabul, late July 12, 2014.

Credit: Reuters/Jim Bourg

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KABUL (Reuters) - Afghanistan's rival presidential campaigns were holding last-ditch talks on Wednesday to rescue a deal on a national government after a disputed election raised fears of exacerbating ethnic divisions.

Presidential contender Abdullah Abdullah extended a Tuesday deadline to disengage from the political process to allow international efforts to salvage the U.S-brokered deal under which the two sides also agreed to accept the results of a U.N.-supervised vote audit, his camp said.

Abdullah, a former foreign minister who draws most of his support from the minority Tajiks and Hazara communities centered largely in the north and the center, is locked in a feud with rival candidate Ashraf Ghani, a member of Afghanistan's biggest ethnic group, the Pashtuns.

Abdullah, who was a runner-up in the runoff election results on June 14, has already withdrawn from the vote audit saying it was not being done strictly enough to weed out tens of thousands of fraudulent vote.

On Monday, his running mate, Mohammad Mohaqeq, told Reuters that talks with the Ghani campaign on a power-sharing deal for a unity government had also failed with no agreement on the powers of a newly created chief executive.

But on Wednesday, the Abdullah camp said the United States had launched a new effort to rescue the accord brokered by Secretary of State John Kerry to give the losing side a share of power and stop Afghanistan from a return to the sort of ethnic animosity seen during a civil war in the 1990s.

"Talks are underway, we are optimistic," said Mahmoud Saiqal, a top aide to Abdullah. A new four-member committee from the two camps has been set up to find common ground on the role of a chief executive to share powers with the president.

Abdullah and Ghani, a former finance minister, also met President Hamid Karzai who has been pushing for an early transition to a successor in what will be Afghanistan's first democratic transfer of power, Mujib Rahimi, a spokesman for Abdullah said.

The moves came after the Abdullah campaign said it would pull out of the process if its demands were not met by Tuesday and a powerful northern ally, Atta Mohammad Noor, threatened to launch mass protests which he called a "green and orange" movement.

His spokesman Munir Farhad said green denoted peaceful street protests that would culminate in taking over government buildings in a parallel to the orange revolution in Ukraine.


The deadlock comes as the United States, Kabul's biggest aid donor, and other NATO nations withdraw their troops after nearly 13 years of fighting Taliban insurgents.

It also takes the shine off a NATO summit in Wales beginning on Thursday where the 28-nation alliance hoped to celebrate Afghanistan's first democratic transfer of power by inviting a new president to share the spotlight with U.S. President Barack Obama and the other allied leaders.

The U.S. State Department, in a statement on Tuesday, said Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs Doug Frantz was in Kabul and would hold talks with Afghan leaders.

"He plans to convey the administration's full support for a peaceful and democratic transfer of power and emphasize the priority Secretary Kerry places on an audit process that ensures a legitimate outcome and agreement on the details of a government of national unity," it said.

Under the terms of the deal agreed during a visit by Kerry in July, the runner-up in the presidential election will appoint a chief executive to share control with the president over some major decisions, such as nominating the heads of the security forces.

But it was left to the two campaigns to work out the specifics of power-sharing. Mohaqeq told Reuters the Ghani camp was behaving as if it had won the election and wanted to limit the role of the chief executive to a symbolic position.

(Additional reporting by Krista Mahr; Editing by Robert Birsel)

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Comments (1)
mosood wrote:
Why you wrote that the biggest ethnic group; pashtun. it is completely wrong to say that pashtun is the majority ethnicity, the others are the minorities,whilst afghanistan make up of minorities that the tajiks,pashtuns and hazara could be the biggest groups. On the other hand, such claim could cause division among the people inside the country, while there is not a reliable census to prove it. People will think you want to force them to accept such claim, as pashtun nationalist do. I have seen such claim in most of your corresponding, which causing resentment among other ethnic group in the country therefore, it would damage the image of a international newspaper, like Reuters. i would like to ask you to stop such claim in your next reports about afghanistan, because it is not prove any thing and is unnecessary. Furthermore, Dr Ashraf Ghani has not only received his support and votes from the pashtun in the south and east, but also he had the support of Uzbek from the north some Hazara people and vice vera to Dr Abdullah Abdullah. I hope two sides agree to a unity government, this is the best option for both of presidential candidates to overcome the political crisis in the country.

Sep 03, 2014 7:31pm EDT  --  Report as abuse
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