* Board backs 300 mln euro capital increase to avert
* Shareholder Air France-KLM yet to decide whether to back
* Move seen as buying time before talks on long-term future
By Alberto Sisto
ROME, Oct 11 Italy's near-bankrupt Alitalia was
thrown a lifeline on Friday when its board members - including
cautious top shareholder Air France-KLM - approved a
capital increase as part of a government-led 500-million-euro
The 'yes' vote means Alitalia's planes can keep operating
beyond the weekend, something that had looked in doubt after
major creditor Eni threatened to cut fuel supplies
unless the airline could show it had solid financial
But with Alitalia, which last turned a profit in 2002,
spending some 10 million euros a day according to analyst
estimates, the new cash injection will not last long. It is
regarded as a stop-gap solution before politically sensitive
talks with Air France on a possible combination of the two.
After failing to persuade some of Italy's national companies
to help, Italy's cash-strapped government only finalised the
emergency funding plan late on Thursday.
Alitalia said the state-owned post office will put in 75
million euros for any unsubscribed shares in a 300-million-euro
capital increase offered to existing shareholders, while banks
Intesa Sanpaolo and Unicredit will guarantee
to subscribe for up to 100 million euros not taken up.
The two banks will also provide a bridge facility of 100
million euros to meet Alitalia's immediate needs that will be
converted into equity as part of the cash call or repaid.
A further 200 million euros will be provided in the form of
new and existing credit lines, Alitalia said in a statement.
Top shareholder Air France-KLM, with a 25 percent stake and
in the middle of its own restructuring, said it would only make
a decision on whether to take part in the cash call after
Alitalia's shareholder meeting scheduled for Monday.
"The decision by the Air France-KLM board members to support
the emergency plan does not in any way presuppose our decision
on whether to subscribe to the capital increase," a spokesman
said. The Franco-Dutch group had said earlier on Friday it would
place tough conditions on giving any help.
The carrier was barred from a full takeover of Alitalia in
late 2008 by then prime minister Silvio Berlusconi who instead
strung together a disparate group of investors. In the
intervening five years Alitalia has lost 700,000 euros a day.
Now the government and Alitalia's shareholders are ready to
let Air France up its stake and possibly even take over the
group, but the parties have so far failed to agree financial
commitments and business strategy.
Business leaders said the state-funded plan lacked a clear
strategy to make the airline a long-term viable business.
"If it's an emergency band-aid to stop the bleeding, so be
it. But we'll need to have a serious think about a plan in the
medium and long term once and for all," said Giorgio Squinzi,
the head of business lobby Confindustria.
Air France-KLM Chief Executive Alexandre de Juniac is open
to taking over its Skyteam alliance partner to bolster its
access to the Italian travel market, Europe's fourth largest.
But approval from his board, which includes the French state and
sceptical members of Dutch KLM, is not certain.
"Air France-KLM have the strength and the upper hand because
they are the only partner that can continue with Alitalia now,
but they will do so on their own terms which will be fairly
draconian," said airline industry analyst James Halstead,
managing partner at UK-based Aviation Strategy.
"They will want to be able to make decisions without
interference from politicians, government and other shareholders
who may have other agendas," he added.
The Rome government is realising it may not be able to hold
on to its flag carrier, once a national icon which had its
uniforms designed by Armani but is now seen as a symbol of the
country's economic malaise.
However, with the current loan arrangement, Rome is trying
to strengthen its negotiating position with Air France-KLM,
analysts say, even though no other option makes business sense.
"The state is re-nationalising its flagship airline with
taxpayer's money," said Andrea Giuricin, a transport analyst at
Milan's Bicocca university. "This solution will only allow
Alitalia to survive, certainly not grow."
At stake: What the government says is a strategic asset,
14,000 jobs, and fears that some of Alitalia's domestic routes -
which play an important role because of Italy's patchy rail and
road links - could be cut if a foreign buyer took over.