* English soprano singing Brunnhilde says fate governs life
* New "Ring" uses oil as theme for wealth and power
* Bayreuth is social event, but Wagner's anti-Semitism casts
By Michael Roddy
LONDON, July 21 It's happened very fast for
soprano Catherine Foster, who was a midwife before she became a
singer and this week will be the first Englishwoman to sing
Brunnhilde for Wagner's "Ring" cycle at the Bayreuth Festival,
in the composer's 200th birthday year.
Foster, a native of the mid-England city of Nottingham who
made a drastic career switch in the mid-1990s, plays the warrior
goddess who lets the gods burn but saves humanity in a new
production by radical Berlin theatre director Frank Castorf.
Given that she came to singing late and will now perform a
star turn at the Bavarian opera house that Richard Wagner built,
in his bicentenary birthday year no less, Foster has only one
way to describe her career path.
"I've come straight down the autobahn to Brunnhilde, and not
on many side roads," she told Reuters in a telephone interview
from Bayreuth, where she is rehearsing.
Castorf's staging, combined with Wagner's scenario, has
something for every taste: squabbles over oil and gold, lust,
incest, treachery, love potions and, of course, a bonfire of the
gods at the end. "For me it (the 'Ring' cycle) is a trip towards
the gold of our time - crude oil," Castorf told German newspaper
Die Welt in one of his rare public comments on the production.
Among the major roles, Canadian heldentenor Lance Ryan sings
Siegfried, German bass-baritone Wolfgang Koch is Wotan,
German-born Italian soprano Anja Kempe sings Sieglinde, and
South African tenor Johan Botha is Siegmund. Russian conductor
Kirill Petrenko makes his Bayreuth "Ring" debut conducting in
the Festival Hall's famous sunken and covered orchestra pit.
All this at prices often above 200 euros ($260) per ticket,
more in the after market, in a sweltering, 1,925-seat
non-air-conditioned 19th-century opera house. German Chancellor
Angela Merkel and her opera-loving husband, theoretical chemist
Joachim Sauer, always attend what is seen as the German social
event of the year, and the waiting list for tickets can be a
It is almost possible to imagine Wagner, who died in 1883
and is buried in an unmarked marble grave beside his Bayreuth
mansion, smiling at the wry and improbable plot twists that have
brought Foster to sing Brunnhilde at Festival Hall, the timber
structure Wagner built on the "Green Hill" at the edge of
Foster began appearing six years ago as Brunnhilde, a role
British sopranos Gwyneth Jones from Wales and Anne Evans, born
in London of Welsh descent, had sung at Bayreuth before her. The
summons to Bayreuth came after soprano Angela Denoke withdrew.
She says fate put her on a career path she had foreseen in
something she wrote at age 10, recently unearthed by her mother.
"My mum found a book about 18 months ago in the loft, and
when I was 10 I had to write in the book 'What would you like to
do when you get older?' And interestingly I wrote: 'Since I was
three years old I have known that I would be a nurse and a
singer, and that is what I will do.' And I drew a picture of a
singer with a microphone and a picture of a nurse. That's it."
"How do you put that into words, knowing what my fate is
going to be? That's why I am a very strong believer in fate."
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If it is not magic potions, it is usually fate that plays a
decisive role in Wagner's operas. The composer revolutionised
the stage and sonic world of late 19th-century Europe, and his
works - and outsized personality - cast a huge shadow, for good
and ill, into the 20th century and beyond.
Partly because of the powerful, emotional language of his
music, and the Germanic, nationalistic themes of his works, but
also because of his virulent anti-Semitism, Wagner was Adolf
Hitler's favourite composer. Bayreuth was one of Hitler's
regular stopping-off places, before and during the war.
Under the stewardship of Wagner's widow Cosima, who lived to
age 92, and her children and their spouses, Bayreuth became the
cultural nexus of the Third Reich. Jewish musicians, singers and
directors who had played a vital role in Bayreuth productions
before the war were at best banned or went into exile, at worst
were sent to concentration camps where they perished.
When Bayreuth reopened in 1951, productions associated with
Nazi times were scrapped, and new directors were enlisted to
give the stagings a modern, European flavour. State and public
bodies provided support, but criticism of productions and family
feuding led to a foundation being created in 1973 to run it.
The de-Nazification was so complete, German Wagner
specialist and author Joachim Kohler said, that Bayreuth is no
more threatening than the shrine to pop singer Elvis Presley.
"Bayreuth is the Wagnerians' Graceland," Kohler said in a
telephone interview. "It is like the place the pilgrims go to
inhale the holy atmosphere of Wagnerism."
That is not a view shared by British music critic Norman
Lebrecht, who says Wagner, in his writings and pronouncements,
created cultural anti-Semitism in Germany before the term had
The continued involvement at Bayreuth of the Wagner family,
represented by the composer's great grand-daughters Eva and
Katharina, the festival's co-managers, assures that Bayreuth has
never fully come clean, Lebrecht said.
"The problem with Wagner is that Bayreuth is a hereditary
monarchy; it continues to hold on to his legacy," he said.
"It bears the stench of history - the man's appalling
anti-Semitism, which effectively gave cultural legitimisation to
Nazi policies, and the continuing cover-up of the involvement of
the Wagner family with the Hitler regime, or the post-war
reality that Bayreuth was essentially a summer camp for ex-Nazis
and their widows."
French musicologist Pierre-Rene Serna, author of a pamphlet
whose title translated into English is roughly "Anti-Wagnerism
Made Easy", thinks even the music is partly to blame.
"It is not innocent; it inspires fanaticism," he said.
But for soprano Kempe, singing the role of Sieglinde, who
falls in love with her brother Siegmund and has a child by him
who grows up to be the hero Siegfried, the music carries an
entirely different message.
"I know this music very well, and I have done it many times,
but when I come to certain points I get goosebumps," she said by
phone from Bayreuth.
"There must be something very deep inside which captures the
($1 = 0.7639 euros)
(Additional reporting by Marzanne Van Den Berg in Berlin;
Editing by Will Waterman)