THE ENGLISH COMPANY'S ISLANDS, Australia, July 31 (Reuters)
- A group of soldiers start to unload from two inflatable boats
after a long, bumpy night-time journey off Australia's northern
coast, torches scanning the shoreline for the telltale red eye
reflections of saltwater crocodiles.
A splash and a cry of "Croc!" sends two men scrambling back
into the boats before a large ray reveals itself as the cause of
The soldiers are from Australia's North West Mobile Force,
known as NORFORCE, a surveillance unit that employs ancient
Aboriginal skills to help in the seemingly impossible task of
patrolling the country's vast northwest coast.
Border security has become a contentious issue ahead of an
Australian general election due this year.
The number of asylum seekers arriving by boat has surged to
about 30,000 in the past 18 months, nearly matching the total
number of arrivals over the previous 35 years.
Last week, the opposition called for a much greater role for
the military in responding to the influx following the
introduction of a tough government plan to send all asylum
seekers arriving by boat to neighbouring Papua New Guinea.
"This is a national emergency. That's why a military-led
task force is the way forward," opposition leader Tony Abbott
said last week.
Maintaining the borders of the world's largest island is far
NORFORCE's area of operations is about 1.8 million square km
(700,000 square miles), which is almost as big as Mexico. It
covers the Northern Territory and the north of Western
Australia, home to some of the planet's most dangerous wildlife.
After breaking camp the next morning, the unit finds the
fresh tracks of a saltwater crocodile, or saltie, estimated at 3
metres (10 feet) long, not far from their night-time landing
LIVING OFF THE LAND
In addition to the salties, the Top End of Australia has all
manner of deadly snakes, spiders, jellyfish and sharks, as well
as searing heat and monsoon rains that bring flash floods.
But it is also full of edible plants and animals, a
veritable smorgasbord of Australian "bush tucker", if you know
where to find it.
"Most other army units work on resupply," says Captain Dusty
Miller, a Vietnam War veteran who is leading the six-man patrol
near Arnhem Land, about 600 km (370 miles) east of Darwin.
"We can go to very remote locations where resupply is very
hard so we have to live off the land. With all our combined
skills and our young indigenous soldiers, we manage to survive."
Aboriginal reservists make up almost half of the 600-strong
NORFORCE, and bring their knowledge of the land and the food it
can provide, handed down through the generations over 40,000
years or more.
Fish, shellfish, turtle eggs and even insects supplement
rations during the patrol, which is on the lookout for illegal
foreign fishing vessels and drug smugglers, as well as people
smugglers from neighbouring Indonesia.
Australian authorities picked up nearly 200 boats carrying
suspected asylum-seekers in the first six months of the year.
Most boats ply a route from Indonesia's Java island south
to Christmas Island, an Australian territory in the Indian
But last week, an Australian navy ship picked up a boat
carrying about 100 suspected asylum seekers near the Ashmore
Islands, between Australia's northwest coast and the eastern
Indonesian island of Rote.
For the NORFORCE men, maintaining their bush craft skills is
almost as important as maintaining border security.
"My father used to be in NORFORCE when I was a boy, and I
wanted to protect my country and my people," Lance Corporal
Vinnie Rami said of his decision to join the unit.
"People from different communities come together in
NORFORCE. We share our knowledge, things we learnt from our
(Writing by Lincoln Feast; Editing by Robert Birsel)