* Aviva and Dabur Group formed venture in 2002
* Aviva set to become third foreign insurer to quit India
* Regulatory hurdles stymie foreign insurers
By Denny Thomas and Sumeet Chatterjee
HONG KONG/MUMBAI, Aug 5 Aviva PLC may
pull out of its Indian insurance joint venture, valued at more
than $500 million, as the British insurer retreats from
less-profitable markets where it has struggled to expand, people
familiar with the matter said.
Aviva, which aims to cut costs by 400 million pounds ($611
million) by year-end, is in the process of hiring corporate
advisors to find buyers for its 26 percent stake in Aviva Life,
its venture with Dabur Group, the sources told Reuters.
The insurer is considering various options, including
selling its stake to Dabur Group if it fails to find a foreign
buyer, one of the sources said. Dabur Group owns personal care
and food products manufacturer Dabur India Ltd.
Aviva would be the third foreign insurer to quit India since
2012, stymied by regulations that restrict foreign ownership and
fierce political opposition to changing those limits.
Aviva declined to comment. Mohit Burman, a director of Aviva
Life who represents Dabur Group, was not immediately available
for comment. The sources also declined to be identified due to
the confidential nature of the matter.
The insurer had identified China and India as "high
priority" and "must win" markets, but the move to sell out of
India signals a change in that strategy.
Last year, Aviva hired former AIA Group Ltd CEO
Mark Wilson to lead a turn around in its business which was hit
by slower growth in its main market Europe.
Wilson joined after spiralling costs and poor share price
performance triggered an investor revolt in 2012 that forced out
then-CEO Andrew Moss. This year, Aviva pulled out of its
Malaysian insurance joint venture and exited from Russia.
Like many other foreign insurers, Aviva rushed into India
after the government allowed foreign investment in the $40
billion-plus insurance market in 2000, lured by low penetration
rates and the high savings rate in Asia's third-largest economy.
Life insurance penetration in India is about 3.4 percent of
gross domestic product in terms of total premiums underwritten
in a year, much lower than 8.8 percent in Japan and 8.7 percent
Regulatory uncertainty, however, has proved tough for
foreign insurers while insurance in general has failed to take
off as expected among the public - the whole industry logged an
accumulative $3 billion loss over the last decade.
Indian laws limit foreign ownership in domestic insurers to
26 percent. Government approval for a proposal to raise the
limit to 49 percent has been pending for a long time due to
opposition by nationalist politicians.
Insurers were also hit by a 2010 clamp-down on the sale of
lucrative equity-linked products. Foreign firms remain
overshadowed by state-owned Life Insurance Corp of India, which
holds an almost 75 percent market share.
Foreign insurers including Britain's Standard Life,
Canada's Sun Life, Prudential, Japan's MS&AD,
Italy's Generali and Dutch insurer Aegon
operate in India through joint ventures with local companies.
HSBC recently launched a process to sell its 26
percent stake in an insurance joint venture with two Indian
state-owned banks. Dutch banking and insurance group ING
and New York Life have also exited their
India insurance joint ventures.
Profit at Aviva's India unit fell by more than half in the
financial year ended March 2013 to about 320 million rupees
($5.25 million), while total premium income dropped roughly 12
percent, according to company filings.