* BP sees its first ever global gas reserves decline
* Cites lower reserves in U.S., Russian revision
* Leaves sanctions-bound Iran as top gas reserves holder
By Alex Lawler and Dmitry Zhdannikov
LONDON, June 12 Oil major BP cut its
global natural gas reserves estimate for the first time in
decades, revising Russia's still classified holdings down
sharply and putting Iran at the top of the world league table.
In its Statistical Review of World Energy published on
Wednesday, BP put global proven gas reserves at 187.3 trillion
cubic metres as of the end of 2012, enough for about 56 years of
global production at current rates.
BP's annual review of energy statistics, first published in
1951, is considered an industry benchmark. Last year's report
put gas reserves at 208.4 trillion cubic metres. The cut of 21
trillion equals roughly seven years of global gas use.
Russia, the world's biggest gas reserves holder for many
years, was responsible for the bulk of the reduction, with its
reserves estimate downgraded to 32.9 trillion from 44.6 trillion
in last year's report.
BP's chief economist, Christof Ruhl, said at a news
conference the company decided this year to adjust its estimates
for the former Soviet Union, including Russia, where data on
reserves is classified.
"Traditionally countries of the former Soviet Union had
different criteria than used elsewhere. So we used a conversion
factor to convert that from those countries where we don't get
direct data," Ruhl said.
"In some countries, reserves are still a state secret, so we
have to rely on these data," he added.
BP also cut its estimate of gas reserves in the United
States, where the energy industry has been transformed by shale
oil and gas, due to lower prices and reduced drilling. U.S.
reserves ended 2012 at 8.5 trillion cubic metres, down 0.3
trillion from 2011.
The downgrade left Iran at the top of the table of the
world's largest gas reserves holders for the first time in
decades, with its broadly unchanged reserves of 33.6 trillion.
Russia remains a much larger gas producer than Iran, which
is unable to exploit the full potential of its resources,
because U.S. and European trade sanctions over its nuclear
programme have stalled energy projects.
BP has had a bumpy experience in Russia over the past
decade. TNK-BP, its venture with Russian billionaires, generated
billions of dollars in dividends for BP but also led to clashes
with the Kremlin.
The company sold out of the venture this year to become a
major shareholder in state-controlled champion Rosneft
. The latter is pursuing an aggressive gas strategy to
rival state-controlled Gazprom, Russia's gas export
monopoly and holder of most of its gas reserves.
In its review, BP also steeply downgraded Turkmenistan's
reserves to 17.5 trillion from 24.3 trillion and cut its
reserves estimates for Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan.
On the oil side, BP estimated global proven oil reserves at
1,669 billion barrels at the end of 2012, up slightly from 1,654
billion at the end of 2011 and enough to maintain current global
production levels for 53 years.
In its report a year earlier, BP had revised global oil
reserves sharply higher, citing new technology that made heavy
crude grades in Canada and Venezuela economically profitable to
Its figure for U.S. oil reserves rose to 35 billion barrels
from 31 billion last year, more than 2 percent of global
A report from the U.S. government's Energy Information
Administration on Monday pointed to the dramatic impact of shale
on world energy. Shale deposits will boost total world crude
resources by 11 percent, it said.
BP upgraded reserves for both Iran and Iraq by several
billion barrels and kept them at their No.3 and 4 global spots,
respectively. Venezuela and Saudi Arabia kept their first and
second places with no major revisions over the year.
Ecuador, Norway and China were included in upward reserves
revisions, while estimates were downgraded for South Sudan,
Malaysia, Angola and Gabon.