LONDON, July 15 Bank of England Governor Mark Carney and three other policymakers appeared before British lawmakers on Tuesday to discuss last month's half-yearly Financial Stability Report, which recommended tighter curbs on mortgage lending.
See below for highlights of the remarks from Carney, Deputy Governor Andrew Bailey and the BoE Financial Policy Committee's external members Don Kohn and Martin Taylor.
CARNEY ON HIGHER LEVERAGE RATIO
"The leverage ratio can have effects on, particularly, the business models of building societies and investment banks. Those effects are schematically detailed in the consultation period.
"We disagree with the characterisation of the leverage ratio as a backstop. We don't view it as a backstop, we view it as an integral part of capital framework."
KOHN ON CAPITAL CONCERNS
"I also think that I would be concerned if we, the FPC, saw a reason to raise capital requirements in the system and the leverage ratio didn't also rise."
TAYLOR ON THE TWO RATIOS
"I think we genuinely believe that the backstop, frontstop vocabulary is unhelpful here and are trying to put forward a proposal where the two ratios do that in a complementary manner.
"I don't think its quite right to say that the leverage ratio pushes banks to hold riskier assets."
CARNEY ON LEVERAGE RATIOS
"My mind is not settled on that because there is a trade-off between complexity and simplicity (for leverage ratio) but there is a real economic issue at the heart of this so that's why we're having a consultation."
CARNEY ON THE TWO COMMITTEES
"The mix of expertise that is needed for the FPC to function effectively requires some specialist skills that may not be fully applicable to the MPC. The second thing is there are distinct remits here.
"It is absolutely essential that these committees work together as much as possible ... We have been doing that. I don't think ... it's necessary, or advisable to merge the two committees."
CARNEY ON RATE RISES
"We don't know exactly when the rate cycle is going to start. It will be driven by the data, we do expect markets to react to that data.
"We were concerned that markets were not reacting to data, a fairly long run of data, that was as good as expected, if not slightly better.
"We had not pre-set path, the only guidance that the new MPC is now giving is around the expected medium-term path of interest rates, not the timing of the first rate rise."
CARNEY ON RATE EXPECTATIONS
Asked if he wanted to combat complacency about monetary policy by saying rates could rise sooner than expected:
"In terms of the short term path of monetary policy, yes, absolutely. It doesn't take a genius to figure out that relative predictability of interest rates in a low interest rate environment encourages risk taking, we fully understand that."
CARNEY ON TUESDAY'S CPI DATA
"I am aware of today's CPI number, but I would only draw attention that in the May forecast, the MPC forecast, inflation returns to target at the end of the forecast horizon, only gets back to 2 percent three years out."
"Inflation expectations are extremely well anchored in the United Kingdom. They have definitely improved over the past year."
CARNEY ON HOUSE PRICES
"(The housing market) is the biggest risk over the medium term of the durability of the expansion. Issues associated with housing. We are aware of the structural supply issues, there are fundamental deep structural problems in the UK housing market that have existed for some time."
TAYLOR ON HOUSE PRICES
"House prices have been rising on a long-term trend faster than wages for a very long time now. It's not sustainable indefinitely but it can go on for quite a long time."
KOHN ON THE HOUSING MARKET
"I do think there is an issue on the relentless upward pressure on house prices but it is not one the Financial Policy Committee can really address."
CARNEY ON ADDITIONAL MEASURES
"We're not currently contemplating any additional measures (for the housing market)."
BAILEY ON HEDGING PRODUCTS
"(There is) a dreadful record of the British banks in selling hedging products to customers. But there is an underlying need amongst customers for hedging, it just needs to be properly done.
"We will have to be very vigilant about (future sales of hedging products by ring-fenced banks)."
(Reporting by UK bureau)