* Cameron rejects statutory law in favour of self-regulation
* Critics accuse him of being in hock to press barons
* PM is under pressure to regulate the press after inquiry
* But he says he is anxious to defend media freedom
By Andrew Osborn and Kate Holton
LONDON, March 14 Prime Minister David Cameron
abruptly ended cross-party talks on regulating Britain's
famously aggressive newspapers on Thursday and tabled a vote on
light-touch rules instead, prompting allegations he is in thrall
to the press barons.
Victims of scandal-hungry tabloids who have had their phones
hacked and life stories misreported have pressed Cameron to
implement the findings of a judge-led inquiry that recommended
the creation of a tough press regulator backed by legislation.
It is a stance that has been broadly backed by the
opposition Labour party and the Liberal Democrats, the junior
party in Cameron's two-party coalition government, but one which
has been fiercely resisted by newspaper owners who argue such
statutory legislation would imperil press freedom.
Cameron sided with the newspapers on Thursday and put
himself at odds - not for the first time - with the LibDems,
telling a news conference that putting detailed legislation on
the statute book was "fundamentally wrong in principle".
"It is wrong to cross that Rubicon by writing key elements
of press regulation into the law of the land," he said. "It is
wrong to create a vehicle whereby politicians could in future
impose regulations and obligations on the free press."
His decision to force a vote in parliament on Monday on his
own proposals - a form of self-regulation that would encourage
papers to opt into a new regulatory framework policed by a
regulator - sets up a standoff with his political opponents that
he is far from sure of winning.
Cameron's Conservatives have 303 seats in the 650-member
lower house of parliament, the LibDems 57, and Labour 255.
Under Cameron's proposals, newspapers could be fined up to 1
million pounds ($1.5 million), be obliged to print apologies,
and face exemplary damages if they did not opt in.
Hacked Off, representing the victims of newspaper behaviour,
suggested Cameron was trying to curry favour with newspaper
owners ahead of an election in 2015 at a time when his
Conservative party is 10 percent behind in the opinion polls.
"This is a shameless betrayal of the victims of press
abuse," Brian Cathcart, the group's executive director, said,
adding that Cameron's self-regulation proposals were far too
weak and would allow editors "to write their own rules and
handpick the people who ran the regulator".
Cameron ordered the judge-led inquiry into the newspapers'
behaviour after Rupert Murdoch's now-defunct News of the World
admitted hacking into phone messages on an industrial scale to
generate salacious front-page stories.
Police investigating the scandal arrested four current and
former journalists from the rival Mirror Group Newspaper (MGN)
group on Thursday.
The examination of media tactics soon broadened out to
reveal the close relationship between Britain's media bosses and
Cameron, embarrassing the prime minister by publishing friendly
text messages that called his judgment into question.
Cameron denied being in thrall to the press, saying editors
hated elements of his proposals, but Ed Miliband, the leader of
the opposition Labour party, described Cameron's demarche as a
Press bodies welcomed Cameron's actions in a statement,
saying they were ready to get the system up and running.
Analysts said Cameron was gambling he could get either a
cross-party deal before Monday's vote, or that he could win the
vote. Roy Greenslade, professor of Journalism at London's City
University, said the outcome hung "by a parliamentary thread".
"Cameron is now clearly playing the publishers card,"
Greenslade told Reuters. "He doesn't want to be seen to be doing
anything (against the media groups)."