(Corrects first paragraph to clarify CalSTRS policy; in paragraph five adds
detail on Cerberus Capital Management LP hiring investment bank to assist in
sale of Freedom Group.)
WEST SACRAMENTO, Calif. Jan 9 The second largest U.S. pension
fund on Wednesday decided to sell off its investments in manufacturers of
firearms that are banned in California, like the assault rifle used in the
Newtown, Connecticut, school massacre.
The investment committee of the California State Teachers' Retirement System
(CalSTRS), a $154 billion pension fund, also voted to divest from manufacturers
of high-capacity ammunition clips illegal in California.
The move comes after CalSTRS, just days after the Dec. 14 shootings at Sandy
Hook Elementary School, began reviewing its private equity funds managed by
Cerberus Capital Management LP and invested in Freedom Group.
Freedom Group manufactures the Bushmaster semi-automatic rifle, one of the
firearms used by a gunman to kill 20 children and six adults at the school. The
gunman also killed his mother and took his own life.
Calling the Newtown shootings a "watershed event" that raised the national
debate on gun control, Cerberus has said it will sell its interests in Freedom
Group and return the proceeds to investors, a plan applauded by CalSTRS'
committee members. Cerberus has hired an investment bank to assist with the
Cerberus bought firearms maker Bushmaster in 2006 and later merged it with
other gun companies to form Freedom Group.
Last month, California Treasurer Bill Lockyer called on fellow CalSTRS board
members to support a plan for the second largest U.S. public pension fund to
divest from gun companies whose firearms, including semi-automatic rifles
considered assault weapons, are banned for sale to the public in his state.
Lockyer expanded his plan on Tuesday to include manufacturers of
high-capacity magazine banned in the most populous U.S. state.
According to Lockyer, divestment from the companies complies with CalSTRS'
investment policy requiring consideration of risks from investing in companies
making products detrimental to public health and safety.
Calstrs has a list of 21 factors it uses to assess investment risks,
including one factor regarding human health.
The factor addresses "The risk to an investment's long-term profitability
from business exposure to an industry or company that makes a product which is
highly detrimental to human health so that it draws significant product
liability lawsuits, government regulation, United Nations sanctions and focus,
and avoidance by other institutional investors."
CalSTRS' Chief Investment Officer Christopher Ailman and lawyers for the
pension fund agreed with Lockyer that gun and ammunition clip makers whose
products are prohibited in California are covered by the risk factor.
CalSTRS added the factor to its list of risk factors in 2008 at a time when
the pension fund was focused on risks that could affect investments in foreign
countries. Ailman said CalSTRS' focus on domestic investment risk was largely
informed after 2008 by risks stemming from the financial crisis after that year
instead of risks from individual investments.
The pension fund's divestment move could affect publicly listed gunmakers
Smith & Wesson Holding Corp and Sturm Ruger & Co Inc.
CalSTRS has small holdings in the two companies through an index fund. The
fund's investment staff will meet with the two companies to discuss the
investment committee's vote to sell holdings in gunmakers, a first step in
CalSTRS' divestment policy.
CalSTRS' divestment policy dates to the 1980s, when it sold off investments
in South Africa to protest apartheid.
Lockyer also sits on the board of the California Public Employees'
Retirement System, the biggest U.S. public pension fund. He is urging it to
review its holdings for firearms manufacturers to sell off the investments.
(Reporting by Jim Christie; Editing by David Gregorio)