* Home sales fall 2.1 pct mth/mth, price gains slow
* Economists look to summer market for signs of bottom
* Household debt still rising, but increase has slowed
By Andrea Hopkins
TORONTO, March 15 Sales of existing homes in
Canada fell in February and the accumulation of household debt
slowed in the final quarter of the year as tighter mortgage
rules kept consumer appetite for low interest loans in check.
Reports on Friday showed that a softening in the Canadian
housing market was well underway and household debt levels had
risen more slowly than in previous quarter.
The data follows repeated warnings by policymakers last year
that the housing market could overheat and consumers were taking
on too much debt.
The Canadian Real Estate Association said February home
sales fell 2.1 percent from the month before, reversing the
small gain recorded in January, while sales dropped a sharp 15.8
percent from a year earlier.
Prices, which don't respond to a drop in demand as quickly
as sales do, rose 2.7 percent in February from a year earlier,
according to the group's Home Price Index. While still a healthy
annual gain, it was the smallest year-over-year increase since
March 2011, suggesting sellers can no longer demand the price
tags they once could.
"February 2012 saw an extra selling day due to the leap
year. However, the year-over-year decline between this February
and last year is largely a reflection of demand that is well off
from 2012," Gregory Klump, CREA's chief economist, said in a
CREA said the government's move to tighten mortgage lending
rules in July 2012 has slowed the market, and lower activity is
expected until at least the June-to-August peak season.
"Until we get well into the summer months, year-over-year
comparisons to months in the first half of 2012 are predictably
going to be down significantly but not necessarily be indicative
of further deterioration," Klump said.
Economists at Canada's big banks were also sanguine, noting
slowing sales have returned the market to more healthy levels,
suggesting the market's return to earth may be more of a soft
landing than a crash.
"The good news is that sales are now at levels that we feel
are well supported by underlying employment and population
growth. In turn, existing home sales are likely to stabilize in
the coming months. Prices are expected to continue to weaken as
demand for Canadian housing remains modest," TD Bank economist
Diana Petramala said in a research note.
The federal government tightened mortgage lending rules
after roaring sales since 2009 and historic levels of household
debt sparked fears of a bubble. Sales have slumped since, and
economists are divided over whether to expect a U.S.-style
housing crash or a gradual decline and subsequent plateau in
sales and prices.
The Canadian housing market has major regional imbalances,
with the slowdown sharpest in Vancouver - which had the hottest
market during the boom years - and a more gradual softening in
Toronto and Montreal.
BMO Capital Markets Senior Economist Robert Kavcic said he
believes the housing market has largely adjusted to the mortgage
rule changes, which initially staggered in response.
"Location is key, and Vancouver (or British Columbia
generally) is the weak neighborhood with buyers firmly in
control. This masks more balanced conditions elsewhere, with
prices in some other markets stabilizing, if not improving
somewhat after adjusting to stricter mortgage rules implemented
in July," Kavcic wrote in a research note.
The number of newly listed homes fell 1.2 percent month over
month in February, leaving them at their lowest level since
November 2010, CREA said.
There were 6.8 months of inventory at the end of February
2013, up from 6.6 months reported at the end of January.
The real estate group said the national average price, not
seasonally adjusted, for homes sold in February 2013 was
C$368,895 ($359,500), representing a 1 percent decline from the
same month last year. The group's price index, considered more
representative of the overall market, rose 2.7 percent from a
year earlier, the slowest pace since March 2011.
HOUSING DEBT UP, BUT SLOWING
A separate report from Statistics Canada showed households
increased their debt load for the third consecutive quarter,
keeping the debt-to-income ratio at an all-time high of 165.0
percent, although it rose much less than the previous quarters.
Soaring personal debt has been a top concern of Canadian
policymakers as consumers take out mortgages at ultra-low rates
to buy homes in the heated real estate market. After mortgage
rates crept up late in 2012 at least one of Canada's major banks
in recent weeks dropped its official rate on a 5-year fixed
mortgage to 2.99 percent, a move that provoked a scolding from
Canadian Finance Minister Jim Flaherty.
Partly because of the government's tighter rules for insured
mortgages, the Bank of Canada in January predicted the trend
growth in household credit would moderate and the debt-to-income
ratio would stabilize at around current levels.
The debt-to-income ratio rose 0.3 percentage point in the
fourth quarter from 164.7 percent in the third, much smaller
than 1.5- and 1.6-point increases in the previous two quarters.
Statscan said household debt and income rose at roughly the
same rate in the fourth quarter.
Households' credit market debt, which includes mortgages,
consumer credit and loans, rose by C$14.7 billion in the
quarter, about half the increase seen in the third, Statscan
Mortgage borrowing led the demand for credit in the fourth
quarter, rising by C$11 billion to a total of C$1.1 trillion. In
the previous quarter, mortgage borrowing increased by C$19.1
Consumer credit debt stood at C$477 billion at the end of