(Adds context and reaction from analysts and finance minister;
adds Canadian dollar reaction)
By David Ljunggren
OTTAWA Aug 15 Canada reported unexpectedly
healthy jobs and manufacturing sales data on Friday, boosting
market optimism that the sluggish economy might finally be
starting to accelerate.
Despite a recovery in the United States, Canada's main
trading partner, the Canadian economy has been creating few jobs
and has been operating well below full capacity.
Statistics Canada issued revised data on Friday that showed
41,700 jobs were created in July and that the unemployment rate
dropped to 7.0 percent from 7.1 percent in June.
Market analysts had forecast a gain of 20,000 jobs.
Statscan reported on Aug 8 that just 200 new positions had been
created in July, but later withdrew that data, citing processing
"Overall, this does suggest that Canada's labor market is
improving after hitting a soft patch in the first half of the
year. That's now reflecting stronger economic growth," said Sal
Guatieri, a senior economist at BMO Capital Markets.
The Bank of Canada has kept its key interest rate at
near-record lows since September 2010 to try to stimulate
economic growth, and says it will not consider an increase until
the economy shows signs of a sustained recovery.
"If we see consecutive gains in employment, certainly along
this order, that would change the tone at the Bank of Canada,"
Guatieri told Reuters.
After the release of the jobs data, the Canadian dollar
briefly rose as high as C$1.0869 to the greenback, or
92.00 U.S. cents, stronger than Thursday's close of C$1.0903, or
91.72 U.S. cents.
The year-over-year employment gain was only 156,800 jobs, or
0.9 percent, while the six-month moving average for employment
growth rose to 10,900 in July from 8,800 in June.
The labor force participation rate remained at 66.1 percent,
the lowest since the 66.0 percent seen in November 2001.
Paul Ferley, assistant chief economist at Royal Bank of
Canada, said the revised July data suggests very different
employment conditions than did the initial release.
"Going forward, hopefully we'll see sustained increases, but
at the moment, certainly these revised July numbers, it's
showing a more encouraging picture, though we're not out of the
woods yet," he said.
Finance Minister Joe Oliver said monthly employment numbers
can be volatile, and that the long-term trend of job growth is
Statscan said 59,900 part-time positions were created in
July, while full-time jobs dropped by 18,100.
Separately, it said the value of factory sales rose 0.6
percent in June from May, pushed up by the chemical, petroleum
and coal product industries.
The increase, the fifth in six months, was greater than the
0.4 percent advance forecast by analysts. Statscan revised May's
month-on-month gain to 1.7 percent from 1.6 percent.
Camilla Sutton, chief currency strategist at Scotiabank,
said the combined data were promising.
"Job gains are good, and an unemployment rate that is
falling with a stable participation rate is also encouraging,"
she told Reuters.
"You combine in manufacturing sales, which was not only
stronger than expected but the second upside surprise ... that
too is fairly encouraging in terms of what's transpired in the
(Additional reporting by Leah Schnurr, Allison Martell and
Solarina Ho in Toronto; Editing by Bernadette Baum; and Peter