* Sales tumble 3.1 pct vs estimate of 0.8 pct decline
* Auto assembly plants decline 15.4 pct in month
* Factory sales in 2012 as a whole up 3.4 pct
OTTAWA, Feb 15 Canadian manufacturing sales
recorded the biggest decline in about 3-1/2 years in December
due mainly to weaker auto production but also on lower sales
across the majority of other industries, Statistics Canada said
Factory sales tumbled 3.1 percent in the month compared with
market forecasts for a 0.8 percent decline. The setback more
than erased the 1.9 percent gain in November, revised from 1.7
Excluding the auto sector, sales fell 1.8 percent as 16 of
21 industries reported decreases, with the biggest downward
pressure coming from chemicals, energy products and fabricated
In volume terms, overall sales sank 3.8 percent.
Sales by motor vehicle assembly plants plummeted 15.4 in
December. While that sector normally undergoes temporary plant
shutdowns in the final month of the year, Statscan said the
decline in December 2012 was greater than usually observed.
New orders for manufactured goods fell 4.4 percent in
December while unfilled orders increased by 2.6 percent.
Inventories fell 1 percent and the inventory-to-sales ratio
-- a measure of how many months it would take to exhaust stock
-- rose to 1.34 from 1.32 in November.