April 21 Here are some key dates in Enbridge
Inc's bid to build a 525,000-barrel-per-day pipeline
from the Alberta oil sands hub of Edmonton to Kitimat, British
Columbia, on Canada's Pacific Coast.
The proposed C$7.9 billion ($7.17 billion) project has run
into fierce opposition from aboriginal communities and
environmental groups, and cost estimates have more than doubled
since it was first announced.
The Canadian government is expected to make its final
decision on the project in mid-June.
March 6, 2002 - Enbridge says it is sketching out plans for a
pipeline from northeastern Alberta to Canada's West Coast.
April 14, 2005 - Enbridge and PetroChina Co sign a
deal to cooperate on a C$2.5 billion pipeline to transport
400,000 bpd from Alberta to the West Coast.
July 15, 2005 - Enbridge says it has started engineering and
environmental field studies for the Gateway pipeline project.
Oct 3, 2005 - Support from shippers prompts Enbridge to boost
the size of an adjacent condensate line for Gateway to 20 inches
from 16 inches (51 cm from 41 cm), allowing more than 150,000
barrels a day of condensate to flow eastward to Alberta.
Oct 14, 2005 - Enbridge picks Kitimat, British Columbia, as the
end point for the pipeline because of its deepwater port.
June 27, 2006 - The head of Enbridge's Gateway project dismisses
fears that objections from aboriginal groups will delay the
pipeline, expects to have it in operation by 2010.
Nov 1, 2006 - Enbridge delays Gateway in favor of accelerating
new lines to U.S. markets.
Feb 21, 2008 - Demand from producers and refiners prompts
Enbridge to rekindle Gateway, now estimated to cost C$4 billion
and ship 525,000 bpd.
Oct 6, 2009 - Enbridge says it expects project costs to rise.
March 23, 2010 - Aboriginal groups on the Pacific Coast vow to
block the pipeline, now expected to cost $5.5 billion, saying
the environmental danger of oil tankers traveling through
coastal waters is too great.
May 27, 2010 - Enbridge files Northern Gateway pipeline proposal
with the National Energy Board.
Jan 20, 2011 - Enbridge says China's Sinopec Corp among a
consortium of producers and refiners that has provided about
C$100 million to fund the line's regulatory and development
Aug 24, 2011 - Enbridge and shippers agree on Northern Gateway
Sept 22, 2011 - Northern Gateway critics are given more time to
comment on Enbridge proposals.
Dec 2, 2011 - Gitxsan First Nation becomes first aboriginal
partner for Northern Gateway project.
Jan 4, 2012 - Suncor Energy Inc, Cenovus Energy Inc
, MEG Energy Corp, Nexen Inc and Total SA
identified as backers for Northern Gateway.
Jan 9, 2012 - Natural Resources Minister Joe Oliver describes
Northern Gateway pipeline opponents as foreign-funded radical
Jan 10, 2012 - Joint review panel hearings into Northern Gateway
project open in Kitimat.
Jan 18, 2012 - Enbridge deal with Gitxsan First Nation
Feb 10, 2012 - Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper says the
government is committed to ensuring Canada has necessary
infrastructure to move energy resources to markets.
June 5, 2012 - Enbridge says 60 percent of aboriginal
communities living along the Northern Gateway route have agreed
to accept an equity stake in project.
July 20, 2012 - Enbridge pledges new safety measures that will
add as much as C$500 million to cost of project.
July 23, 2012 - British Columbia government says needs more
benefits from new pipelines, sets out minimum conditions for
Sept 26, 2012 - Environmental groups sue Canada over Northern
April 12, 2013 - Joint review panel issues draft conditions for
May 31, 2013 - Government of British Columbia rejects Northern
Gateway project on grounds the company has not spelled out oil
spill response plans.
Nov 5, 2013 - Alberta and British Columbia announce framework
agreement that could clear path for new pipeline development to
the West Coast.
Dec 19, 2013 - The National Energy Board releases its Northern
Jan 17, 2014 - A coalition of environmental groups launches a
legal challenge to the federal review panel recommendation in
favor of the Northern Gateway pipeline.
Jan 17, 2014 - British Columbia's Haisla and Gitxaala Nations
file court challenges to the federal review panel recommendation
in favor of the Northern Gateway pipeline.
Jan 22, 2014 - British Columbia's Gitga'at First Nation files a
court challenge to the federal review panel recommendation in
favor of the Northern Gateway pipeline.
Apr 12, 2014 - Residents of Kitimat, where the pipeline's
marine terminal would be built, vote against Northern Gateway in
a non-binding plebiscite. More than 60 percent of eligible
voters turn out, with 58.4 percent voting "no" and 41.6 percent
(Reporting by Nia Williams and Julie Gordon; Editing by Peter
Galloway and Douglas Royalty)