* Bone lesions shrink or disappear in 76 pct of patients
* Pivotal trial expected to launch by end of year
* Two ovarian cancer patients die due to cabo treatment
By Deena Beasley
CHICAGO, June 6 Exelixis Inc's (EXEL.O)
cabozantinib experimental drug shrank bone malignancies from
prostate cancer in 76 percent of patients, interim results from
a midstage trial show.
Of 108 patients so far evaluated by bone scan, 21 had
complete resolution, and 61 had partial shrinkage of metastatic
bone lesions, which can lead to bone fractures, severe pain and
The disease remained stable in 23 other patients, or 21
percent, and worsened in three.
The study results were reported on Monday at the American
Society of Clinical Oncology's annual meeting.
"For the first time, cabo is showing dramatic activity
against both soft tissue and metastatic bone lesions," said
Exelixis Chief Executive Officer Michael Morrissey. "Men with
late-stage prostate cancer usually die from bone disease."
After 12 weeks of treatment, 31 patients were randomly
selected to receive either a placebo or cabozantinib. The drug
reduced by 87 percent the risk of disease progression or
Excluding patients on placebo, the median survival without
disease progression was 29 weeks.
Side effects of cabozantinib included fatigue, high blood
pressure and hemorrhage.
Morrissey said Exelixis planned to start a Phase 3 prostate
cancer trial in the second half of this year with a combined
goal of reducing pain and bone malignancies.
Cabozantinib, also known as XL184, is an oral drug designed
to limit blood supply to tumors and to block two segments of a
pathway used by cancer cells to grow and spread.
Other Phase 2 data presented over the weekend showed that
treatment with cabozantinib led to significant tumor shrinkage
in 24 percent of patients with metastatic ovarian cancer.
But two ovarian cancer patients died from
cabozantinib-related side effects -- one from bowel fistula and
one from intestinal perforation.
Exelixis expects to have initial results around midyear
from a pivotal trial of the drug as a treatment for thyroid
(Editing by Lisa Von Ahn)