BEIJING, July 4 The final turbine of China's
massive Three Gorges Dam was connected to the grid on Wednesday,
marking the completion of a controversial hydropower project
that cost the country more than $50 billion and displaced at
least 1.3 million people.
The installation of the project's 32nd 700-megawatt unit
brought total capacity up to 22.5 gigawatts (GW), accounting for
11 percent of the country's total hydroelectric capacity.
"The complete operation of all the generators makes the
Three Gorges Dam the world's largest hydropower project, and the
largest base for clean energy," China Radio International quoted
Zhang Cheng, general manager of the project's operator, China
Yangtze Power Co. Ltd., as saying at a ceremony.
The construction of the world's biggest hydropower plant
began in 1994 and its first generating unit was connected to the
grid in July 2003. Official news agency Xinhua said it has
already generated a total of 564.8 billion kilowatt-hours,
saving nearly 200 million tonnes of coal a year.
But the project, located on the middle reaches of the
Yangtze river, cost a total of 254 billion yuan ($39.99
billion), four times the original estimate, and another 123.8
billion yuan has been spent on "follow-up work".
The project's 185-metre dam and 600-km reservoir have forced
the relocation of at least 1.3 million residents, and the
government has acknowledged that earthquake and landslide risks
have also increased in the region.
Hydropower construction slowed after building work on the
dam was completed in 2006, with several large-scale projects
vetoed because of the soaring costs of handling displaced people
and protecting the environment.
But Beijing is now committed to bringing another 140 GW of
hydropower capacity on line between 2011 and 2015 to meet its
renewable energy targets.
($1 = 6.3523 yuan)
(Reporting by David Stanway; editing by Anthony Barker and