* Poor want timetable for rise in aid to $100 billion by
* Doha climate talks deadlocked on finance, Kyoto Protocol
By Alister Doyle and Barbara Lewis
DOHA, Dec 5 China led developing nations on
Wednesday in demanding rich countries give details of a promised
surge in aid to $100 billion a year by 2020 to help the poor
cope with global warming.
But most rich nations, facing economic slowdown at home that
cut overall development aid in 2011, said they were unable to
stake out a timetable for rising aid at deadlocked global
"The core issue is finance," Xie Zhenhua, head of China's
delegation, told a news conference of a main track of the Nov.
26-Dec. 7 talks among 200 nations in Doha, Qatar, that is a big
block to a modest deal to keep U.N. climate efforts on track.
He said a deal on finance would "create very good conditions
for the settlement of other issues" in Doha, which is also
seeking a symbolic extension of the U.N.'s Kyoto Protocol for
curbing greenhouse gas emissions by rich nations beyond 2012.
"Without figures on the table we are not going to have a
package," Pa Ousman Jarju of Gambia, who chairs the group of
least developed nations, said of calls for new finance.
Rich nations say they have kept a pledge made at a
Copenhagen summit in 2009 to provide $10 billion a year in aid
to the poor to help them curb their fast-rising emissions and
cope with floods, droughts and rising seas from 2010-12.
But the poor want a timetable towards another promise made
at the summit, of aid of $100 billion a year from 2020. World
leaders did not say what would happen between 2013 and 2019.
"There is every intention of continuing to support climate
finance," deputy U.S. climate envoy Jonathan Pershing said.
"These are difficult financial times in Europe," said Pete
Betts, a senior British negotiator representing the European
Union. "I think that we are not going to be in a position at
this meeting to agree any kind of target for 2015."
Separately, U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said on
Wednesday that he would convene a high-level meeting in 2014 to
try to find ways of injecting momentum into sluggish world
efforts to tackle climate change.
"Money, Money, Money," a group of WWF conservation activists
sang outside the talks, from the ABBA hit of the same name, and
one danced in a polar bear suit. They said saving the climate
was free compared with trillions of dollars spent on banks.
Some developing nations want a doubling of aid in the years
2013-15, to $20 billion a year.
Germany, Britain and Sweden have promised aid beyond 2012
but most nations have not made clear pledges.
Helen Clark, head of the U.N. Development Programme, also
urged a mid-term target for 2015 for rising aid. "There's not
going to be a magic cheque written in 2020," she told Reuters.
Overall development aid fell 3 percent last year to $133.5
billion, breaking more than a decade of rises, according to the
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Also at stake in Doha is the Kyoto pact, which obliges about
35 developed nations to cut their emissions of greenhouse gases
by 5.2 percent below 1990 levels in 2008-12.
But Kyoto has been hit by the pullout of Russia, Japan and
Canada who say that goals beyond 2012 are meaningless because
major emerging nations led by China and India will not have
targets. Washington never ratified Kyoto.
"The Doha caravan seems to be lost in a sandstorm," said
Ronny Jumeau of the Seychelles, speaking for the Alliance of
Small Island States.