* Government, guerrillas to start talks in Cuba next week
* FARC wants constitutional assembly in future
* Rebels reiterate call for citizen participation
* Government rejects request to widen agenda
By Jack Kimball
BOGOTA, Nov 15 The top FARC rebel negotiator
wants a national assembly to change the constitution once a
peace deal is reached with the government, according to an
interview on a left-wing website published on Thursday.
Talks to bring an end to Latin America's longest-running
insurgency will begin in Cuba on Monday when Colombia's
government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia,
better known by its Spanish acronym FARC, sit down for the first
round of a five-point peace agenda.
Negotiations were supposed to start this week but were
delayed so negotiators could work on "technical" details,
including the participation of civil society and other groups.
Ivan Marquez, head of the FARC negotiating team, said that
citizens should have a voice at the table, which would give any
agreement more legitimacy, and that a peace deal would also need
to have "legal and constitutional" force.
"We think that a good way to achieve that is to provide the
possibility, later, for a national constitutional assembly,"
Marquez said in an video interview published on the Anncol
website, which routinely carries FARC statements.
In the interview recorded in Havana, Marquez, a member of
the FARC's seven-member ruling secretariat, appeared seated in
front of a stone wall. The video was uploaded on Thursday but
apparently recorded late last week.
President Juan Manuel Santos' government has flatly ruled
out discussing major changes to Colombia's economic or political
model, saying that if the guerrillas want to modify the system,
they should join the political process and win elections.
More than 20 years ago, Colombia held a nationwide assembly
to rewrite the 1886 constitution, in which demobilized
guerrillas from smaller rebel groups participated, but not the
FARC or the National Liberation Army, another left-wing group.
The Marxist FARC guerrillas gained fighters and territory
after the 1991 constitution until the 2000s, when a U.S.-backed
military offensive began to thin their ranks and push them into
Santos, first as defense minister under former President
Alvaro Uribe and later as Colombia's leader, has dealt the group
some of its biggest blows, killing senior leaders and hitting
units responsible for financing operations.
Negotiations were formally launched on Oct. 18, but the
talks immediately got off to a rocky start after the guerrillas
said they wanted to discuss a range of topics not specifically
mentioned in the agenda.
The government has ruled that out, saying issues not listed
in the agenda, especially rebel demands for foreign mining
companies to stop operations, would not be negotiated.
On a trip to Spain on Thursday, Santos reiterated that there
would be no ceasefire until a final deal is hashed out.
"These negotiations cannot be overly long. One of the
conditions that we set at the outset is that we will not lower
our guard on the military front," Santos said.
"There are some who are proposing a truce, a ceasefire. The
answer has been clear and forceful. No truce or ceasefire ...
the sooner we reach a deal the sooner the guns go silent."