Dec 31 If you have a bottle of fine wine you are
holding as an investment, you probably ought to open it tonight.
That's because, though wine has, at least on some measures,
outperformed many other assets like art, stamps and bonds over
the past 100 plus years, high transaction costs and volatility
make a strong case for pleasure.
Fine wines, held by about a quarter of global high-net worth
individuals, have had a bad few years as an investment, with the
Liv-ex Fine Wine 100 index down about 35 percent since June of
2011, hurt in part by an anti-corruption campaign in China.
A cyclical bad patch isn't the only argument for uncorking
that first or - let's be honest - third bottle of fine wine on
New Year's Eve; at least not on my reading of a paper on wine as
an investment by Elroy Dimson of the University of Cambridge,
Peter Rousseau of Vanderbilt University and Christophe Spaenjers
of HEC Paris. here
Looking at only the top first growths - Haut-Brion,
Lafite-Rothschild, Latour, Margaux and Mouton-Rothschild - and
using data from auction house Christie's and price lists from
venerable wine merchants Berry Bros. & Rudd from the end of 1899
through 2012, they find respectable long-term returns from wine.
Adjusted for inflation and taking into account storage and
insurance costs, wine returned 4.1 percent annually in the
study, against 1.5 percent for bonds, 2.4 percent for art and
2.8 percent for stamps.
Not too shabby, you might say.
But those figures somewhat flatter what an actual investor
will actually realize if she invests in fine wine, not to
mention the risk undertaken.
Taking into account buyers' and sellers' commissions at top
auction houses, our pleasure-deferring wine owner might get only
75 percent of the auction results, not to mention costs
associated with transferring a physical asset from one owner to
Another point in favor of drinking up is volatility,
generally held to be an undesirable trait in an investment. By
standard deviation in the dispersion of returns, one common
measure of volatility, wine returns are about twice as jumpy as
art, stamps and bonds.
When it comes to equities, the comparisons get considerably
worse. Our 4.1 percent wine returns, not including auction
costs, is beat hollow by equities' return of 5.2 percent,
inflation adjusted, over the century plus. Moreover, equities
showed a 19.8 percent standard deviation in return dispersion,
against 26.3 percent for wine.
PLEASURE VS, OR AS, RETURN
The returns during the long period studied did show quite a
few hiccups. For example, from 1900 to the middle of the 1930s
wine returns were actually negative, hurt by the First World War
and the Depression.
Wine prices increased, however, by more than 600 percent
between 1940 and 1945 as war disrupted supply and distribution,
though there was a sharp fall in the years just afterward.
One imponderable in owning wine is the non-economic, or
psychic, return - let's call it pleasure - that investors take
in holding it. Younger wines from the best vintages, which are
still getting better, go up more in price in their first 20
years than those from lesser vintages that are 40-60 years old,
too old for drinking value to be peak but not yet rare
collectors items. So the owner of a collectable wine gets a
non-financial dividend of about 1.3 percent a year, the study
None of this is the final word on wine as an investment, and
surely its popularity alone makes its own arguments. People like
owning wine, as well as drinking it, and those who do would seem
to make decent returns, though perhaps by passing on better or
less volatile ones elsewhere.
Also not considered here are the costs of investment
management, which can be quite high in wine despite the
relatively small investible universe. Those who fear the
supposed inflationary impact of money printing have made the
argument in the past for hard assets like wine, though thus far
that inflation has failed to materialize.
Perhaps the best argument, then, for opening that bottle is
the oldest and simplest. Tomorrow's deferred pleasure may never
arrive, so reap your returns while you can.
Happy New Year.
(At the time of publication James Saft did not own any
direct investments in securities mentioned in this article. He
may be an owner indirectly as an investor in a fund. You can
email him at email@example.com and find more columns at blogs.reuters.com/james-saft)
(Editing by Dan Grebler)