| UNITED NATIONS
UNITED NATIONS Jan 30 The U.N. Security Council
stressed on Thursday that M23 rebels must be stopped from
regrouping in Democratic Republic of Congo and expressed concern
at Congolese soldiers aiding Rwandan Hutu militia, sparking a
verbal clash between the countries' envoys.
Rwanda's U.N. ambassador, Eugene Gasana - a temporary member
of the 15-member Security Council - accused Congo of "crying
like small babies," while his Congolese counterpart, Ignace Gata
Mavita wa Lufuta, said Rwanda's "arrogant behavior must stop."
Rwanda has repeatedly intervened in Congo, saying it had to
hunt down Hutu militia, the Democratic Forces for the Liberation
of Rwanda (FDLR), which fled after Rwanda's 1994 genocide. Congo
and Rwanda have fought two wars in two decades in eastern Congo.
The U.N. Security Council expressed its concerns about the
violence in eastern Congo in a unanimously adopted resolution
that renewed an arms embargo and targeted sanctions, including
travel bans and asset freezes, on Democratic Republic of Congo.
The top U.N. official in Congo, Martin Kobler, has said
there were credible reports that the M23 rebels appeared to be
regrouping just two months after Congolese troops and U.N.
peacekeepers defeated the Tutsi-led insurgency.
U.N. experts, who monitor violations of U.N. sanctions on
Congo, and Democratic Republic of Congo have long accused Rwanda
of backing M23, which ended its 20-month rebellion in November,
a claim that Kigali has fiercely rejected.
Rwanda and the U.N. experts have accused Congolese troops of
collaborating with the FDLR, which includes Hutus who fled
Rwanda after the genocide of 800,000 Tutsi and moderate Hutus.
Kinshasa denies the claim.
"These guys (Congo), just every other day, coming and crying
like small babies," Gasana told reporters after the council
meeting. "Rwanda, it's a small country. Congo is rich. Congo has
everything. How come Rwanda is always the scapegoat?"
Gata Mavita wa Lufuta told the Security Council: "We are a
sovereign country and we must be respected as such and this
arrogant behavior (by Rwanda) must stop."
REPORTS OF CONGOLESE ARMY COLLABORATION
There was one thing both ambassadors agreed on: the U.N.
Security Council was not the appropriate venue for their verbal
Millions of people have died from violence, disease and
hunger in Congo since the 1990s as armed groups have fought for
control of the country's vast deposits of gold, diamonds,
copper, cobalt and uranium.
The Security Council resolution noted "with deep concern
reports indicating FARDC (Congolese army) collaboration with the
FDLR at a local level, recalling that the FDLR is a group under
U.N. sanctions whose leaders and members include perpetrators of
the 1994 genocide."
It stressed the importance of "permanently addressing this
A 20,000-strong U.N. peacekeeping force in Congo received a
boost last year with the unprecedented deployments of unarmed
surveillance drones and an Intervention Brigade of 3,000 troops
to help Congolese forces hunt down rebel groups.
After the military defeat of M23, the peacekeepers and the
Congolese army have turned their attention to tackling the FDLR
and the Allied Democratic Forces, a Ugandan Islamist group.
The resolution asked states neighboring Congo to "urgently
address the situation of former M23 combatants located in their
territories, and stresses the importance of ensuring that the
M23 does not regroup and resume military activities."
It also called upon countries in the region to take steps to
ensure there is no support in or from their territories for
armed groups in eastern Congo. U.N. experts have also accused
Uganda of aiding Congolese rebels, which Kampala has denied.
(Reporting by Michelle Nichols; Editing by Leslie Adler)