| LONDON, March 9
LONDON, March 9 An archivist at the
British Film Institute has stumbled across a 1901 movie just one
minute long which turns out to be the earliest surviving film
featuring a character from the works of Charles Dickens.
Bryony Dixon was researching early films of China when she
noticed an entry in a catalogue referring to "The Death of Poor
Joe", which she realised could refer to a character in Dickens'
Not expecting to find a film to match the catalogue entry -
most movies this old have not survived - Dixon was "astonished"
to discover the film was actually in the BFI's collection,
albeit under a different title.
The discovery was announced on Friday, just over a month
after the bicentenary of Dickens' birth was celebrated around
"It's wonderful to have discovered such a rare and unique
film so close to Dickens' bicentennial," Dixon said. "Not only
does it survive but it is the world's earliest Dickensian film!
It looks beautiful and is in excellent condition."
Dickens, the author of classics like "Great Expectations",
"Nicholas Nickleby" and "Oliver Twist", is among the most
revered novelists in English literature, and he remains one of
the most-adapted writers in history.
Before the BFI's latest discovery, the earliest known
Dickens film was "Scrooge or Marley's Ghost", released in
November 1901. It remains the earliest direct adaptation.
"The Death of Poor Joe" has been identified as the work of
British film pioneer G.A. Smith and is believed to have been
filmed in Brighton some time before March 1901.
It depicts Dickens' Jo, a poor street sweeper in Bleak
House, at night against a churchyard wall freezing in the winter
snow with his broom.
A watchman comes along and catches Jo just as he falls to
the ground dying. The watchman tries to help but it is too late,
and Jo puts his hands together in prayer, taking the lamp for
heavenly light as he dies.
According to the BFI, the short film may actually have been
inspired not only by Dickens but also Hans Christian Andersen's
"The Little Match Girl" in which a child dies in the snow while
fantasising about the warmth she needs.
In the film, Jo (spelled "Joe" in the catalogue) is played
by a woman called Laura Bayley, who was G.A. Smith's wife.
The film will be screened as a special addition to the
programme of Dickens: pre-1914 Short Films on March 9 and 23 at
the BFI in London.
(Reporting by Mike Collett-White; Editing by Bob Tourtellotte)