* Delays to letters of credit for state food purchases
* Government source acknowledges admin problem
By Maha El Dahan and Sarah McFarlane
ABU DHABI/LONDON, May 8 Egypt's financial crisis
is hindering payments for food commodities as banks and traders
say some of the funding problems which first surfaced early last
year are re-emerging.
Subsidised food is considered essential to heading off
social unrest in the world's biggest wheat buyer, a nation that
has seen protests lead to the removal of two Egyptian presidents
in the past three years.
Traders and bankers said tight foreign currency reserves,
combined with the Central Bank taking a particularly cautious
approach to allocating these funds, were slowing payment
procedures for food bought by state entities.
"Egypt's political turmoil since 2011 has affected the
country's foreign currency reserves because of the fall in
tourism and foreign direct investment," said Mohamed Tousson,
head of structured trade finance at Ahli United Bank's Egypt
"This forced the central bank to take drastic measures to
direct its available funds to the strategic commodities,
food-related items and medicine," he added.
Some traders said a government election due later this month
in the most populous Arab nation was also slowing down
administrative processes across government.
Bankers and traders said that although there were delays,
there had not been any defaults.
"We may face some delay to allocate sufficient foreign
currency necessary to cover the clients' trading business,
depending on the size of the transaction, but at the end of the
day they are met," Tousson added.
Egypt's foreign reserves were at $17.489 billion in April,
down sharply from their pre-2011 revolution level of around $36
Egypt imports around 10 million tonnes of wheat a year to
feed its 85 million people with the cheap subsidized bread that
they expect, but in 2013, shrinking foreign exchange reserves
pushed imports to their lowest in five years. Imports have since
returned to more normal levels.
While food commodities are top priorities for spending,
traders are experiencing some delays with letters of credit
being issued for goods they supply to state buyers, including
the General Authority of Supply Commodities (GASC).
GASC was not immediately available to comment.
"There are now several shipments that are ready and waiting
on their letters of credit that have been delayed for over a
month in some cases," one Cairo-based trader with close
knowledge of the matter told Reuters.
When any of the state tenders are awarded, the firm selling
the commodity asks for the issuance of a letter of credit from
one of Egypt's state-owned banks, which is then confirmed with
its own bank.
Egypt's central bank provides the cover to the Egyptian
Traders say that despite approvals by the finance ministry
given to local banks to release money, on some occasions final
Central Bank approval had not been granted within the usual
"They could be trying to prioritise what they will spend
their foreign currency on but it's not clear why they are not
giving approvals in time," a second Cairo-based trader said.
Central Bank officials were not immediately available for
Traders do not usually ship wheat until they have opened
importers' letters of credit.
Traders said there had also been delays after tenders by the
state-owned Food Industries Holding Company and Meditrade, both
of which bought vegetable oils on behalf of GASC.
"Payments in some cases are seven to eight weeks later than
would normally be expected," one European trader said.
"The problem is delaying several ships and involves several
large trading houses. No reason has been given and there are no
visible problems with the commodities."
Egypt's cash-strapped government spends around a quarter of
its budget on food and fuel subsidies. The food subsidies cover
sugar, rice and vegetable oils, as well as wheat.
"We are continuing to confirm letters of credit
selectively," said Karel Valken, global head of trade and
commodity finance at Dutch bank Rabobank.
"We have never experienced any delay in the repayment
although we do sometimes (have the) experience that it takes
more time to get the letter of credit issued."
Rabobank is working with commodity trade houses supplying
goods to Egypt's state buying entities.
Should delays persist, some trading houses may choose to
avoid Egyptian tenders, or they could add a risk premium to the
prices they offer.
"As Egypt is such a big importer of commodities, I think the
risk premium will be the most likely course," the second
Cairo-based trader said.
(Additional reporting by Michael Hogan in Hamburg, Maggie Fick
in Cairo and Sybille de La Hamaide in Paris; Editing by Veronica
Brown and Keiron Henderson)