LONDON Global warming poses a threat to future
world coffee crops with rising temperatures and drought likely
to force some producers to seek higher and cooler land,
according to a report issued by analyst F.O. Licht.
"Few now doubt that global warming is going to present the
world's coffee growers with a big challenge in the years to
come," an article in Licht's International Coffee Report said.
It noted a United Nations Environment Program research
project in Uganda, for instance, had concluded that a rise in
temperatures of about 2 degrees Celsius would mean a "dramatic"
reduction in the coffee growing area with producers moving to
higher regions where there is less suitable land.
In India's Coorg coffee region, rising temperatures and
reduced rainfall would have a detrimental impact due to a drop
in the number of bees to fertilize the trees and an increased
threat from a destructive pest, white stem borer, it added.
"Whether or not some coffee regions eventually fade away is
anyone's guess, but one thing is certain -- coffee farmers by
and large are a tenacious breed because often enough they have
no other viable sources of earning a living," the report said.