| LONDON, July 10
LONDON, July 10 A move by the European Union to
impose duties on carbon-intensive imports would scupper the
chances of striking a global agreement to tackle climate change
next year, the bloc's top climate official said on Thursday.
European leaders have agreed to decide by October whether to
set a 2030 goal to cut carbon emissions as the EU contribution
to a global pact to tackle climate change, due to be signed in
Paris in late 2015 and take effect from 2020.
Last month France suggested measures could be taken against
imported goods to ease concerns that the 2030 goals could
threaten heavy industries competing with foreign rivals that
might be subject to laxer environmental goals.
But Jos Delbeke, director general of the European
Commission's climate department, said that raising the
possibility of import tariffs in the run-up to the global
agreement would risk angering the bloc's trading partners.
"If we were to put a border tax on the table before Paris,
it's the recipe that could torpedo that process," he told a
online meeting of industry officials on the so-called carbon
leakage issue in Brussels.
He was referring to the EU's failed effort to regulate
carbon emissions beyond its borders by including foreign flights
in the bloc's Emissions Trading System (ETS).
In April, EU lawmakers effectively reversed a 2009 law to
force international flights using EU airports to pay for their
emissions after countries including the U.S. and China
complained that it infringed on their sovereignty.
"The aviation debate was exactly like that, in treating
every consumer in the world the same we got a cold shower over
us," Delbeke said.
France has suggested the cement industry could be a pilot
sector for imposing tariffs on importers, and this idea was
backed by Claude Lorea of the EU cement producer association
Cembureau at the Brussels meeting.
She said non-EU producers should be treated in the same way
as local manufacturers when considering the post-2020 targets.
But Bill Thompson of BP, representing oil refinery
lobby group Fuels Europe, said the idea could prove too complex
to implement for many sectors and posed a risk that other
countries could deploy retaliatory trade measures.
"The EU is one of the most trade-exposed places in the
world, so be careful what you wish for when you start imposing
these types of measures," he said.
"The best protection against carbon leakage is a successful
international negotiation," Thompson added, referring to a Paris
deal in which all major nations agree to take on comparable
emission reduction targets.
The EU ETS regulates around half of Europe's greenhouse gas
output by forcing power plants, factories and airlines to
surrender a carbon permit for every tonne of carbon dioxide they
emit. It its the bloc's main policy to meet its 2020 target to
reduce emissions 20 percent under 1990 levels.
Heavy industries such as steel and cement currently receive
most of their permits for free to help them compete globally.
The Commission has yet to propose whether this system should
continue after 2020, and it is a matter of intense debate. In
May Delbeke suggested that the list of industries getting free
permits should be trimmed.
(editing by Jane Baird)