* NGOs urge settler exports be clearly labelled
* Israel says report has cherry picked export data
* Palestinians say settlements impede creation of a state
By Claire Davenport
BRUSSELS, Oct 30 Twenty two religious groups and
charities have called on the European Union to ban products made
by Israeli settlers in the occupied territories, saying a
boycott would undercut their economic reason for staying there.
The EU is Israel's biggest trading partner but imports 15
times more from West Bank-based Israeli settlers than from
Palestinians, a group of 22 non-governmental organisations
(NGOs) said on Tuesday.
"European consumers are unwittingly supporting the
settlements and the attendant violations of human rights," the
groups said in a report that called for a ban or, at the very
least, strict labelling rules.
The Palestinians want to establish a state in the West Bank,
Gaza and East Jerusalem and say settlements deny them a
joined-up viable territory. About 311,000 Israeli settlers and
2.5 million Palestinians live in the West Bank.
The EU says settlements Israel has built on land it captured
in the 1967 Middle East war are illegal under international law.
But the NGOs say EU consumption of Israeli cosmetics, dates,
herbs and other products made in settler areas undermines the
integrity of the EU position.
The 22 NGOs included Christian Aid, Ireland's Trocaire, the
Methodist Church in Britain, the Church of Sweden, France's
Terre Solidaire and Germany's medico international.
Other religious NGOs in Finland, Norway, the Netherlands,
Denmark, Belgium and Switzerland also took part.
The report urged clearer labelling rules to help consumers
identify the origin of produce. Such rules already exist in
Denmark and Britain.
But the NGOs said a more effective solution would be to
impose a ban on all settler products, a move that only one EU
member state, Ireland, has so far asked for.
An official from Israel's foreign ministry said the report's
figures were "cherry picked" to serve a political agenda.
"There are no official statistics on exports from the
settlements," said Yigal Palmor, a foreign ministry spokesman.
"They are only approximations."
The Israeli trade ministry said West Bank-produced exports
accounted for only 1 percent of total EU-bound exports, which
are around $70 million per year.
Israeli settler produce has already divided the United
States and the United Nations.
On Oct. 25, the U.N.'s special rapporteur Richard Falk
called for a boycott of companies linked to Israeli settlements,
but a U.S. representative at the United Nations called the
Critics say labelling and a boycott would not help
Palestinians overcome the significant barriers they face when
trying to export their own products.
Palestinian produce from the West Bank destined for Israel
or for export must pass through Israeli checkpoints and is
subject to lengthy checks and procedures.
Israel says such checks are necessary for security reasons,
but the NGOs say they increase costs and decrease profitability.
The NGOs also criticised an Israeli ban on fertiliser use -
ostensibly because it can be used in explosives - and said the
Palestinians had inadequate access to water.
The value of Palestinian exports generated half the
territories' gross domestic product in the 1980s but accounted
for less than 15 percent in 2010, figures from the International
Monetary Fund show.
However, the Manufacturers Association of Israel says that
EU trade with their companies in the settlements is higher than
that of their Palestinian counterparts because the Israeli
businesses are more active.
Palmor, the foreign ministry spokesman, said Israel had
offered the Palestinians access to water networks but said many
had refused because they wanted to be self-sufficient.
"In a modern economy you can't have every village drilling
for themselves," he said.
The EU has accused Israel of deliberately curbing economic
development in the occupied West Bank. In May, EU foreign
ministers said such a policy made it impossible to create a
Palestinian state alongside Israel.
"Israeli restrictions remain a major impediment to
sustainable economic growth," a spokesman for EU foreign affairs
chief Catherine Ashton said on Monday by email.
Settlements built on territory Israel captured in the 1967
war are a major obstacle to the resumption of
Palestinian-Israeli peace talks.
The talks have been stalled since late 2010 over the issue
of settlement construction in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.
Visiting Israel last week, Ashton said settlements "threaten
to make a two-state solution impossible".
Israel cites historical and Biblical links to the West Bank
and Jerusalem, saying the future of settlements should be
decided in peace negotiations.
But Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas is seeking full
statehood recognition at the United Nations, claiming the land
that Israel seized in the 1967 war is Palestinian territory. He
wants East Jerusalem to be the capital of a new state.
(Additional reporting by Steven Scheer; Editing by Sebastian
Moffett, Jeffrey Heller and Andrew Osborn)