(Rewrites throughout with details from court documents, press
conference, adds NEW YORK dateline, byline)
By Anthony Deutsch and Joseph Ax
AMSTERDAM/NEW YORK May 19 Authorities arrested
about 100 people as part of a global crackdown on malicious
software used to infect half a million computers, U.S. and
European authorities said on Monday.
The software, created by an organization called
"BlackShades," allows hackers to control other people's
computers remotely, recording keystrokes, stealing passwords and
gaining access to their personal files.
In some cases, users employed the inexpensive software,
known as BlackShades' Remote Access Tool or RAT, to take over
the computers' cameras and spy on their owners, U.S. officials
said at a press conference in New York. They said in other
cases, users sent a ransom note, requiring payment before
unlocking their victims' documents.
"For just $40, BlackShades' RAT enabled anyone, anywhere in
the world, to become a dangerous cyber criminal," Manhattan U.S.
Attorney Preet Bharara told reporters.
In a series of raids over two days, police searched 359
homes in 16 countries in Europe and the Americas, according to
Eurojust, the EU's judicial cooperation agency. In addition to
computer hardware, police in Europe seized cash, illegal
firearms and drugs, Eurojust said.
A spokeswoman for the FBI said 19 different countries were
involved in the investigation.
The crackdown was one of the largest for cyber crime in
terms of the number of arrests and countries involved, said Mark
Rasch, a former computer crimes prosecutor.
Swedish man Alex Yucel, 24, owned and operated BlackShades
using the alias "marjinz," according to U.S. authorities, who
unsealed charges against him and four others on Monday.
Yucel was arrested in November in Moldova and is awaiting
extradition. It was not immediately clear whether he had a
Yucel ran the organization as a business, paying a marketing
director, a website developer and a team of customer service
representatives, according to court documents. The group's
website included advertisements boasting of its software's
capabilities and ease of use.
BlackShades generated more than $350,000 in sales between
September 2010 and April 2014, the documents said. It was not
clear how much money users of the software may have stolen from
their alleged victims.
The BlackShades investigation arose from a different
cybercrime sting by the FBI, called "Operation Cardshop," in
which authorities created a fake website to entice criminals to
buy and sell credit card numbers.
One of the individuals arrested in 2012 as a result of that
probe was Michael Hogue, an Arizona man who the FBI said is the
co-creator of BlackShades' RAT.
Hogue pleaded guilty in 2013 to two computer-related crimes
and agreed to cooperate with investigators, providing crucial
details about the inner workings of BlackShades, according to
court documents unsealed on Monday.
The prosecutor's office said another BlackShades employee,
Brendan Johnston, 23, was arrested in California on Monday. His
lawyer could not immediately be identified.
Earlier this year, an 18-year-old man was detained in the
Netherlands for infecting 2,000 computers with the malware,
using the victim's web cams to take pictures of women and girls.
(Editing by Grant McCool)