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Fitch: Economic Stabilisation, Reform Key for Indonesia
July 10, 2014 / 3:31 AM / in 3 years

Fitch: Economic Stabilisation, Reform Key for Indonesia

(The following statement was released by the rating agency) HONG KONG/SINGAPORE, July 09 (Fitch) Unofficial "quick counts" point to a narrow win for Jakarta Governor Joko Widodo (Jokowi) in Indonesia's presidential election - the official result will be announced on 22 July. The key issue for the sovereign credit and rating over the next six to 12 months is whether the authorities continue to prioritise economic stabilisation and sustainability, says Fitch Ratings. The longer-term focus is likely to shift to the question of the extent to which a new government will pass structural reforms, and whether this will return the country to higher sustainable growth. Efforts by the government and Bank Indonesia to tighten monetary policy and allow for a more flexible exchange rate are having a positive effect on the external position. The trade deficit (on a 12-month rolling basis) has declined to USD2.4bn as of May 2014, down from a peak of USD9.1bn in September 2013. Furthermore, foreign reserves are up by 8.3% year-to-date (to USD108bn). Tightening monetary conditions have also reined in inflation and slowed credit growth, which have fallen to 6.7% yoy and 17.4%, respectively, according to the latest data. There was little in either candidate's election platform to suggest they might re-direct current economic policy in the short term. Nonetheless, ongoing challenges to stability highlight the importance for the credit profile of economic policy management. With Fed policy tightening on the horizon, Fitch believes Indonesia's prospects of avoiding a disruptive impact from any turbulence would be bolstered by a clear prioritisation of economic stabilisation in the short term. Indonesia is vulnerable to external pressures owing to the current account flipping into deficit in 2012 (to which loose monetary policy had contributed); relatively high commodity dependence amid weakening prices for Indonesia's key exports; and shallow domestic financial markets. The effect of the weaker rupiah on the cost of imported fuel has prompted government to revise up its budget deficit projection to 2.4% of GDP from 1.7%. Fitch believes that the assumptions factored in on subsidy spending may not be achievable without a further revision of retail fuel prices. The risks from increased financial market volatility related to potential Fed tightening remain, in addition to the fiscal impact of rising energy costs. Beyond the immediate period, lifting Indonesia's trend growth rate will be important for the credit profile. Returning to the growth model of the 2000s is likely to be impossible in an environment of softer prices for the country's key commodity exports. Fitch believes structural reforms to boost productivity, including improving the business environment by cutting bureaucratic impediments to starting businesses and clearing infrastructure bottlenecks, would support prospects for getting growth back to the pre- 2008 rates above 6% in a sustainable manner. Either candidate's ability to implement and execute policy at the national level has yet to be tested. The track record of current front-runner Jokowi as Governor of Jakarta offers little guide to his policy priorities at a national level. In addition, he would have to work with a parliament in which supporters of his election opponent are currently in the majority - although coalitions may prove fluid if Jokowi's victory is established. The campaign team of his opponent, Prabowo Subianto, raised the issue of higher sovereign borrowing to fund investment. Fitch would wait to see if such a policy was adopted and if so, how it was implemented, before determining any impact on credit or ratings. Contacts: Andrew Colquhoun Senior Director Sovereigns Fitch (Hong Kong) Limited 2801 Tower Two, Lippo Centre 89 Queensway Hong Kong Justin Patrie Senior Director Fitch Wire +65 6796 7232 Media Relations: Leslie Tan, Singapore, Tel: +65 67 96 7234, Email: leslie.tan@fitchratings.com; Wai-Lun Wan, Hong Kong, Tel: +852 2263 9935, Email: wailun.wan@fitchratings.com. The above article originally appeared as a post on the Fitch Wire credit market commentary page. The original article can be accessed at www.fitchratings.com. All opinions expressed are those of Fitch Ratings. Applicable Criteria and Related Research: Indonesia here ALL FITCH CREDIT RATINGS ARE SUBJECT TO CERTAIN LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS. PLEASE READ THESE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMERS BY FOLLOWING THIS LINK: here. IN ADDITION, RATING DEFINITIONS AND THE TERMS OF USE OF SUCH RATINGS ARE AVAILABLE ON THE AGENCY'S PUBLIC WEBSITE 'WWW.FITCHRATINGS.COM'. PUBLISHED RATINGS, CRITERIA AND METHODOLOGIES ARE AVAILABLE FROM THIS SITE AT ALL TIMES. FITCH'S CODE OF CONDUCT, CONFIDENTIALITY, CONFLICTS OF INTEREST, AFFILIATE FIREWALL, COMPLIANCE AND OTHER RELEVANT POLICIES AND PROCEDURES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE 'CODE OF CONDUCT' SECTION OF THIS SITE. FITCH MAY HAVE PROVIDED ANOTHER PERMISSIBLE SERVICE TO THE RATED ENTITY OR ITS RELATED THIRD PARTIES. DETAILS OF THIS SERVICE FOR RATINGS FOR WHICH THE LEAD ANALYST IS BASED IN AN EU-REGISTERED ENTITY CAN BE FOUND ON THE ENTITY SUMMARY PAGE FOR THIS ISSUER ON THE FITCH WEBSITE.

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