* Alstom, Vinci win 2 bln euro tram deal
* Talks continue on sale of Rafale jets
(Adds defence analyst quote, background)
By Elizabeth Pineau and Tim Hepher
PARIS, June 23 French conglomerates Alstom
and Vinci signed a 2 billion euro ($2.72
billion) deal with Qatar on Monday to build a tram system in the
future Lusail City, while the two countries also discussed a
possible defence contract.
The deal, which will see the light rail system starting to
operate in 2018-20, was signed in front of journalists during a
visit to Paris by Qatar's emir, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani.
One of the Gulf's largest real estate developments, Lusail
City is expected to house up to 200,000 people and contain
commercial districts including the $275 million Marina Mall
project, 22 hotels, four islands and two golf courses.
The estimated $45 billion development will also feature the
80,000-seat Lusail Stadium, where the championship match of the
2022 World Cup soccer tournament will be played.
Qatar has been under fire for its treatment of migrant
workers, many of whom are reported to have died on the country's
infrastructure projects, but has announced stricter measures for
contractors involved in building work for the 2022 tournament.
Asked whether France had raised the issue of worker
conditions during the emir's visit, a French official said, "We
talk about everything with Qatar. There are no forbidden
Leaders of the two countries also discussed the possible
sale of French Rafale fighter jets, built by Dassault Aviation
, to Qatar but there was no immediate conclusion.
"They discussed it. Negotiations are continuing," a source
close to French President Francois Hollande said following a
meeting held during the emir's first official visit to France.
Qatar is planning a significant increase in the size of its
air force as the energy-rich Gulf state forges a wider
international role after taking part in the 2011 Libya conflict.
Its air force operates a squadron of 12 Dassault Mirage-2000
jets, but is now looking to buy 72 jets in two equal tranches.
"Qatar has always chosen French technology for its armed
forces," Hollande said in a speech toasting the visiting Qatari
head of state before an official dinner.
The emir made no reference to the Rafale during his remarks,
delivered in French.
France is anxious to secure its first export buyer for the
Rafale as it also tries to close a long-awaited $15 billion deal
with India for a purchase of 126 of the multi-role jets.
In Qatar, Dassault Aviation is competing with the
Eurofighter Typhoon - offered by a European consortium of Airbus
Group, BAE Systems and Finmeccanica
- and the F-15 fighter built by U.S. planemaker Boeing.
"Traditionally, Qatar is a French stronghold in arms exports
but they have been buying from elsewhere," said Douglas Barrie,
senior fellow at the International Institute for Strategic
Studies, noting speculation that Qatar might split the order and
go for a mixed fleet despite incurring extra training costs.
"I would be surprised if the French walk away from this
empty-handed. Is it beyond the bounds of possibility that
someone else gets all 72 aircraft? No, but unlikely," he said.
Qatar is among a number of Gulf states looking to renew air
power but also seen as playing a waiting game with Washington
for the newer Lockheed Martin F-35.
The United States has not so far decided whether to offer
its latest radar-evading combat jet to the Gulf, but arms sales
experts say it could become available to the region about five
years after Israel receives its first F-35 fighter jets in 2016.
U.S. policy guidelines call for Israel to maintain a
competitive military edge.
"The key question is whether the Americans will release the
F-35 and if so when," Barrie said.
That, he said, would influence whether Qatar feels it can
buy something in the interim and then make the case in
Washington to release the F-35 into the region. Even then,
competition for any interim deals is expected to be fierce.
(Editing by Maya Nikolaeva, Alexandria Sage and David Evans)