June 5 Ex-Soviet Azerbaijan will potentially
become an important supplier of natural gas to European markets
when it launches the second phase of its Shah Deniz field, as
well as other projects in the Caspian Sea.
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Following are some pipeline supply routes proposed for the
delivery of Azeri natural gas.
* Nabucco aims to reduce Europe's dependence on Russian gas.
A pricing dispute between Russia and transit country Ukraine
left European customers without supply for two weeks in January,
adding urgency to the project.
* Nabucco is a 7.9 billion euro ($11.2 billion) project to
transport gas from Turkey to Austria through Bulgaria, Romania
and Hungary. Azerbaijan is only one potential source of gas.
* Construction of the 3,300-km (2,050-mile) pipeline is
scheduled to start in 2011 and first deliveries are expected in
2014 with initial annual capacity of 8-10 billion cubic metres.
* Market studies show the pipeline has been designed to
transport a maximum of 31 billion cubic metres of gas annually.
* Austrian oil and gas group OMV (OMVV.VI) heads the
consortium, which also includes Hungary's MOL MOLB.BU,
Turkey's Botas, German utility RWE AG (RWEG.DE), Romania's
Transgaz TGNM.BX and Bulgargaz EAD of Bulgaria.
TRANS ADRIATIC PIPELINE (TAP)
* TAP, at 520 km (325 miles), is the shortest pipeline
route, running from near Thessaloniki in Greece, through Albania
and under the Adriatic Sea to come ashore in Italy, near
* The estimated cost of the project is 1.5 billion euros
($2.1 billion), subject to material and labour costs.
* TAP will initially have capacity of 10 billion cubic
metres per year but could be expanded to 20 bcm a year.
* TAP is a 50-50 joint venture between StatoilHydro (STL.OL)
of Norway and Swiss firm EGL EGL.S.
INTERCONNECTOR TURKEY-GREECE-ITALY (ITGI)
* The ITGI project will utilise parts of the existing
pipeline infrastructure and will include construction of a
600-km (375-mile) section in Greece and a 200-km (125-mile)
section beneath the Adriatic Sea.
* The estimated cost of the project is 1.2 billion euros
($1.7 billion). It aims to deliver approximately 10 billion
cubic metres a year of Caspian Sea basin and Middle Eastern gas.
* The onshore section in Greece would run from Komotini to
the coast in Thesprotia, where it would feed into the Poseidon
pipeline running under the Mediterranean Sea to southeast Italy.
* The undersea section would be laid by a joint venture
between Italy's Edison EDN.MI and state-owned Greek
hydrocarbon company DEPA.
* Russian state-controlled gas export monopoly Gazprom
(GAZP.MM) has previously offered to purchase all of the gas from
the second phase of Shah Deniz.
* Gazprom and Italian energy firm Eni (ENI.MI) plan to build
the South Stream pipeline to take Russian gas under the Black
Sea to southeast Europe, avoiding Ukraine. This project is seen
as a rival to the Nabucco pipeline, which Russia has said is not
Both Georgia and Iran have also offered to purchase output
from the second phase of Shah Deniz, said the vice-president for
investment and marketing at Azeri state oil firm Socar, Elshad
(Editing by Sue Thomas)