* SPD, Greens squabble over feared defection to Merkel
* Both centre-left and centre-right lack majority support
* Merkel's third-term hopes rest with SPD or Greens -polls
By Erik Kirschbaum
BERLIN, March 31 Germany's two main opposition
parties traded warnings on Sunday against joining forces with
Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives after September's
election if they fail to win their own left-of-centre majority.
The leaders of the Social Democrats (SPD) and Greens party
issued unusually shrill messages to each others' supporters
about the risk their votes might end up going to a party that
could join forces in a coalition with Merkel.
The SPD and Greens want to form a centre-left government
after September's election but opinion polls show they will fall
short of the needed margin. Surveys show Merkel's best chances
of serving a third term could be to lure either the SPD or the
Greens into a coalition with her Christian Democrats (CDU).
SPD chairman Sigmar Gabriel, alarmed about flirtations
between the Greens and CDU, told the Welt am Sonntag newspaper
that Greens voters should be aware that the pro-environmental
party could end in bed with the CDU if the SPD and Greens failed
to achieve a majority on Sept. 22.
"That can't be ruled out and Greens voters should know about
that," said Gabriel. The Greens, he said, had turned into
Germany's "new liberal party" as they were chasing voters who
had earlier backed the CDU and pro-business Free Democrats
"There is a lot of overlap between the CDU and the Greens
now," Gabriel said, trying to deter hard-core Greens voters who
have traditionally viewed the conservatives as the party's arch
'HOT AIR MERCHANT'
Greens co-chairman Cem Oezdemir, one of the party's most
eloquent proponents of an opening to the CDU, quickly shot back.
"Gabriel is a hot air merchant," Oezdemir told Die Welt
newspaper. "He knows that we want to defeat the centre-right
government together with the SPD. But it's not enough to rely
only on SPD-Greens voters. If we were to do that, the SPD would
quickly end up turning to Merkel for another 'grand coalition'."
Opinion polls show neither Merkel's ruling centre-right
coalition nor the centre-left opposition command enough support
to win a majority to lead Europe's biggest economy.
An Emnid poll in Bild am Sonntag showed Merkel's
conservatives at 39 percent and their Free Democrat allies at
five percent for a combined 44 percent. The SPD was at 26
percent and the Greens at 15 percent for a total of 41 percent.
The SPD and Greens governed together in a coalition from
1998 to 2005. After that the SPD joined forces with Merkel as
junior partners in an awkward "grand coalition" until 2009.
The Greens' support in polls has doubled in recent years to
levels around 15 percent thanks in part to fears about nuclear
power in the wake of the Fukushima nuclear disaster, but also
their growing appeal to conservative and rural voters.
The Greens, once famous for their unpredictable and
self-destructive party congress battles, have become a serious
and united party eager to return to power.
At the state level, the Greens ruled in a harmonious
coalition with the CDU in Hamburg for three years until 2011,
earning them national respectability as a fiscally responsible
party. They have also ruled the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg with
the SPD as their junior coalition partners since 2012.