Feb 7 In spite of medical advances, members of
the baby boomer generation are in worse health than their
parents were at the same stage of life, with obesity and lack of
exercise taking a toll, according to a U.S. study.
About 13 percent of baby boomers - the generation born in
the two decades after World War Two - reported being in
"excellent" health in middle age, compared to 32 percent of the
previous generation who said the same thing at the same stage of
life, researchers reported in JAMA Internal Medicine.
"The baby boomer generation has a reputation of being active
and putting off retirement... That did not seem to jibe with
what we're seeing in our medical offices," said Dana King, the
study's lead author, from the West Virginia University School of
"We decided to compare them to the previous generation, who
were the same exact age at the time."
King and his colleagues used data from an ongoing national
health and nutrition survey to compare the answers of people who
were 46 to 64 years old between 1988 and 1994, and the baby
boomers who were in the same age range between 2007 and 2010.
Overall, about 39 percent of boomers were obese, compared to
about 29 percent of the previous generation. Baby boomers were
also less likely to get regular exercise.
About 16 percent of baby boomers had diabetes, compared to
12 percent of the previous generation. And baby boomers were
more likely to have high cholesterol and high blood pressure.
King and his colleagues also found that more than twice as
many baby boomers walk with a cane or walker, compared to the
"I was surprised by the magnitude of the change. I suspected
the current baby boomers would be not much healthier or maybe
the same, but I didn't expect them to have such a big change in
disability and obesity," King said.
But the news wasn't all bad. King and his colleagues found
that boomers don't smoke as much as the previous generation, and
are less likely to have the lung disease emphysema. They were
also less likely to have a heart attack.
King said previous research has shown that baby boomers are
known to live longer than earlier generations, but that may be a
"From somewhat of a public health standpoint we've actually
had a bad scenario. You live longer, but those extra years you
bought - you're sick," he told Reuters Health. "That's not a
good public health outcome."
While the study can't explain why baby boomers seem to be in
worse shape than their predecessors, King thinks it shows they
sit more and don't exercise.
"What's important for the individual reader to understand is
that it's not too late to adopt new healthy lifestyle habits and
make a big difference in your health," he said.
"It really needs to have a high priority in your personal
life. People should just do everything they can to be active and
eat health. It would make such a dramatic difference."
(Reporting from New York by Andrew Seaman at Reuters Health;
editing by Elaine Lies)