September 17, 2009 / 11:03 PM / in 8 years

FACTBOX-Prostate cancer is scourge among men

 CHICAGO, Sept 18 (Reuters) - Prostate cancer is one of the
most common cancers in men.
 In the United States alone, more than 190,000 men are
diagnosed every year, but only a small percentage will die from
the disease.
 Improved screening methods and awareness have resulted in
earlier detection. The American Cancer Society estimates that
some 2 million men who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer
are leading active lives.
 RISK FACTORS:
 AGE: As men age, the incidence of prostate cancer
increases. More than 65 percent of all prostate cancers are
diagnosed in men over the age of 65. Prostate cancer is rare in
men younger than 40 years old.
 RACE: African-American men are 61 percent more likely to
develop prostate cancer than Asian, Caucasian or Hispanic men.
 FAMILY HISTORY: Men are twice as likely to have prostate
cancer when a brother, father or uncle have had the disease. If
they have two or more first-degree relatives with the disease.
they are four times more likely to be diagnosed.
 LIFESTYLE: Some studies have shown links between high-fat
diets and the disease.
 SCREENING: Prostate cancer is detected by a routine blood
test that looks for prostate specific antigen, or PSA.
 DEVELOPMENT: Prostate cancer happens when a cell begins to
develop abnormally and crowd out healthy cells. As the abnormal
cells multiply, they form a malignant (cancerous) growth or
tumor.
 TREATMENT OPTIONS: These include surveillance, radiation
therapy, cryoablation or cryotherapy, hormone therapy, and
prostate removal. New treatments, such as High Intensity
Focused Ultrasound, or HIFU, are being investigated.
 Source: USMD Prostate Cancer Center and American Cancer
Society.
 (Reporting by Debra Sherman)


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