Donny Kwok and Clare Jim
HONG KONG Aug 17 Tens of thousands gathered in
sweltering heat in Hong Kong on Sunday to protest against a
pro-democracy campaign that has threatened to shut down the
city's financial district, exposing a deepening rift over
political reforms in the former British colony.
The rise in tit-for-tat street protests between pro-Beijing
and pro-democracy groups underscores the challenges China faces
in shaping its vision for the political future of Hong Kong.
Backed largely by Beijing-friendly groups, the Alliance for
Peace and Democracy says it "desires peace and no violence" and
has denounced the pro-democracy Occupy Central movement that has
said it will lock down the centre of the city if Beijing does
not allow truly democratic elections for a leader in 2017.
"We want to show that the march doesn't have to be violent
and angry. It can be happy," said Robert Chow, a former Hong
Kong radio host and spokesman for the alliance.
The group says it has so far collected close to 1.5 million
signatures, including that of Hong Kong leader Leung Chun-ying,
saying the "illegal" Occupy campaign would tarnish Hong Kong's
reputation and hurt business.
It wasn't possible to independently verify the number, which
exceeded the almost 800,000 votes in Occupy Central's unofficial
poll on democracy in June.
The anti-Occupy campaign kicked off early on Sunday with a
run through the centre of the city that attracted about 1,500 in
temperatures as high as 30 degrees Celsius, organisers said.
More people, mostly groups of elderly, showed up later to
offer a flower "for peace".
The all-day rally, which marks the end of the alliance's
month-long signature campaign, was overshadowed by speculation
that some business groups had pressured people to take part.
"We do not support Occupy Central because it will bring
trouble and instability to the city," said retiree Law
Kwai-wing, 77, who said he had travelled across the border from
Guangdong province as part of a bus tour organised by the
pro-Beijing Federation of Trade Unions (FTU).
The group planned to stay for less than an hour before
returning across the border from Hong Kong for lunch, which tour
members would pay for themselves, he added.
Many rally participants, mostly elderly, told Reuters they
had been provided with free transport by various political and
business groups. In one district, about 150 people boarded buses
organised by the Hong Kong Livestock Industry Association.
In a Whatsapp message seen by Reuters, people were offered
HK$350 ($45) to attend the rally "for five hours". The message
sender, however, declined to provide his name or background.
Alliance spokesman Chow dismissed such messages as fake and
attempts to discredit the campaign.
Debate has raged over the format of the election for Hong
Kong's next leader in 2017. Pro-democracy groups have called on
Beijing to allow open nominations rather than only letting
"patriotic" pro-Beijing candidates to stand.
Beijing has allowed Hong Kong - returned to Chinese rule in
1997 - to go ahead with a popular vote in 2017, the most
far-reaching experiment in democracy in communist China.
Some analysts said the rally reflected Beijing's
determination to curtail the momentum of Occupy Central through
a formidable grassroots mobilisation of supporters and the
United Front Work Department - an organ of the Communist Party
that works to propagate Party interests.
A group of pro-democracy lawmakers said they would press
ahead with the campaign to gridlock Central, if Beijing fails to
come up with a proposal that meets their demands.
(Additional reporting by James Pomfret, Dancy Zhang and Clare
Baldwin; Editing by Anne Marie Roantree and Michael Perry)