(Corrects title in paragraph 2 to magistrate judge from
By Jonathan Stempel
Dec 23 Hulu has failed to persuade a federal
judge to dismiss a lawsuit accusing the video streaming service
of illegally sharing users' viewing history with Facebook Inc
and business metrics company comScore Inc.
U.S. Magistrate Judge Laurel Beeler in San Francisco on
Friday rejected Hulu's argument that viewers needed to show
actual injury to recover damages, even if they qualified as
"aggrieved" persons under a 1988 federal law protecting the
privacy of video renters.
That law, the Video Privacy Protection Act (VPPA), was
adopted after a newspaper in 1987 published an article about
movies that the Supreme Court nominee Robert Bork had rented.
Hulu had argued that the law "was not adopted to impose
multi-billion dollar liability on the transmission of anonymous
data where no one suffers any actual injury."
Beeler, however, concluded that "the statute requires only
injury in the form of a wrongful disclosure" before damages
might be available. She did not rule on the merits of the case.
Hulu is a joint venture owned by Comcast Corp's
NBCUniversal, 21st Century Fox Inc's Fox Broadcasting,
and Walt Disney Co's ABC. Chief Executive Mike Hopkins
on Dec. 18 said Hulu will post $1 billion of revenue in 2013, up
from $695 million in 2012.
The lawsuit seeks class-action status on behalf of Hulu
users nationwide. It was brought by several people in
California, Illinois and New York seeking damages of at least
$2,500 per violation, plus punitive damages and other sums.
These plaintiffs claimed that Hulu let third parties engaged
in marketing, advertising, and social networking track their
video choices without permission.
They claimed that Hulu sent such information to Scorecard
Research, a comScore market research unit, and sent "Facebook
IDs that linked their video choices to personally identifiable
Facebook registration information."
Hulu did not immediately respond on Monday to a request for
comment. Its lawyer Robert Schwartz did not immediately respond
to a similar request. David Parisi, a lawyer for the plaintiffs,
also did not immediately respond to such a request.
Hulu has separately argued it would be too hard to certify a
class of plaintiffs. It noted that many users employ fake names,
including 644 named "Homer Simpson," 450 named "Mickey Mouse,"
131 named "Santa Claus" and 18,581 named "John Doe."
Beeler has also scheduled a Feb. 6, 2014 hearing on Hulu's
second motion to dismiss the case. There, Hulu claimed it did
not knowingly transmit protected information to Facebook and
comScore in a manner that violated the VPPA.
The case is In re: Hulu Privacy Litigation, U.S. District
Court, Northern District of California, No. 11-03764.
(Reporting by Jonathan Stempel in New York; editing by Andrew