(Adds dropped word "far-right" in paragraph 6)
* PM Orban's party to have big majority in parliament
* Far-right Jobbik backed by one in five Hungarian voters
* Investors concerned over PM's go-it-alone policies
* Not yet clear if Orban will secure constitutional majority
By Krisztina Than and Gergely Szakacs
BUDAPEST, April 7 Hungarians handed their
maverick Prime Minister Viktor Orban another four years in
power, election results showed on Monday, while one in every
five voters backed a far-right opposition party accused of
Orban has clashed repeatedly with the European Union and
foreign investors over his unorthodox policies, and after
Sunday's win, big businesses were bracing for another term of
unpredictable and, for some of them, hostile measures.
But many Hungarians see Orban, a 50-year-old former
dissident against Communist rule, as a champion of national
interests. They also like the fact that under his government
personal income tax and household power bills have fallen.
After 96 percent of the ballots were counted from Sunday's
parliamentary vote, an official projection gave Orban's Fidesz
party 133 of the 199 seats, guaranteeing that it will form the
That tally also gave Orban's party the two-thirds majority
needed for it to change the constitution, but only by one seat,
and final results could still push Fidesz back below the
The same projection gave the Socialist-led leftist alliance
38 seats, while far-right Jobbik was on 23 seats.
"We have scored ... a comprehensive victory, the
significance of which we cannot yet fully grasp tonight," Orban
told a jubilant crowd at his party's election headquarters.
Jobbik's performance is being watched closely for clues
about how other nationalist right-wing parties, such as France's
Front National and the Netherlands' Party for Freedom, will
perform in European Parliament elections next month.
In terms of its share of the national vote on party lists,
Jobbik won 20.7 percent, up from 15.86 percent of all votes four
Its showing based on the incomplete results on Sunday was
the strongest of any far-right party in the EU in the past few
years, according to Cas Mudde, Assistant Professor at the School
for Public and International Affairs at the University of
Georgia in the United States.
He said the previous strongest result for a far-right group
was the 20.5 percent won by Austria's Freedom Party last year.
"There is no doubt that Jobbik will be among the strongest
far-right parties in Europe, which is particularly striking
because it is also one of the most extreme of Europe's far-right
parties," Mudde told Reuters.
Jobbik has pledged to create jobs, be tough on crime,
renegotiate state debt and hold a referendum on EU membership.
While it denies being racist, it provides a lightning rod for
suspicion among some Hungarians towards the Roma and Jews.
Its leader, Gabor Vona, often works shifts in minimum wage
jobs - a waiter, a construction worker - to show he is in touch
with ordinary peoples' concerns. A senior party figure in 2012
proposed drawing up lists of Jews in parliament, though he later
apologised and said he was misunderstood.
"Jobbik is continuously ... increasing its popularity," Vona
told party supporters late on Sunday. "And ahead of the European
Parliament elections it is important to make clear that today in
the EU Jobbik is the strongest national radical party."
In the past four years, Orban's policies have included a
nationalisation of private pension funds, swingeing "crisis
taxes" on big business, and a relief scheme for mortgage holders
for which the banks, mostly foreign-owned, had to pay.
Orban has pledged more of the same if re-elected, and the
business community expects him in particular to press ahead with
a plan to transfer big chunks of the banking sector into
Hungarian hands, and impose more burdens on foreign power firms.
More unpredictable policies could weigh on Hungary's forint
currency, especially if the central bank - led by a close ally
of Orban's - cuts interest rates further from record lows,
against a backdrop of jittery sentiment in global markets.
His policies helped Hungary emerge from recession, but some
economists say Orban may have scared off the kind of investment
Hungary needs for long-term growth.
"Big business do not want the frequent changes of policy,
particularly in terms of taxes, which were characteristic of
Orban's last term," said Timothy Ash of Standard Bank.
The election was a new low point for the leftists, who were
pushed out of office in 2010. Some Hungarians worry that,
without a credible challenge to his dominance, Orban has
accumulated too much power.
Socialist leader Attila Mesterhazy declined to congratulate
Orban, saying the prime minister had won unfairly by changing
the election system to Fidesz's advantage and compromising media
freedom - allegations the government denies.
Mesterhazy also lamented the strong performance by the
Jobbik, calling it a party that "is poisoning the whole of
(Additional reporting by Marton Dunai; Writing by Christian
Lowe; Editing by Eric Walsh)