* New parliament endorses Orban as PM for new four-year term
* Orban's Fidesz won elections with landslide last month
* Ethnic Hungarians in neighbouring states should have
* Calls for radical cut in energy prices in EU
(Adds Orban's comments in parliament, background)
By Krisztina Than
BUDAPEST, May 10 Hungary will stand up for its
rights within the European Union and wants autonomy for ethnic
Hungarians living beyond its borders in central Europe,
including Ukraine, Prime Minister Viktor Orban said on Saturday.
Orban, who was formally endorsed by parliament as prime
minister for a second consecutive term after last month's
landslide election win, said ethnic Hungarians supported his
policies to unite the nation "above the borders".
His previous government granted ethnic Hungarians in
neighbouring countries citizenship shortly after it took office
in 2010, as part of his efforts to restore a battered sense of
Orban, a 50-year-old former dissident against Communist
rule, has also clashed repeatedly with the European Union over
his go-it-alone policies in the past four years.
"We regard the Hungarian issue a European issue," Orban said
in his first speech to parliament since his reelection.
"Hungarians living in the Carpathian basin are entitled to
have dual citizenship, are entitled to community rights, and
Many Hungarians today view the 1920 Treaty of Trianon as a
national tragedy because it took away two-thirds of the
country's territory and left millions of ethnic Hungarians
living in what are now Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine and Serbia.
Orban has won popularity at home by reaching out to
Hungarians outside the country's borders who were allowed to
vote in the national election for the first time in April.
He has never suggested reuniting the lost territories with
Hungary, but his activities have irked governments in some
He said on Saturday the issue of ethnic Hungarians was
especially topical due to the situation in neighbouring Ukraine,
where around 200,000 ethnic Hungarians live, who are entitled to
Hungarian citizenship and also the right to self-administration.
"This is our clear expectation from the new Ukraine which is
taking shape now," Orban said, adding the new administration
enjoyed Hungary's support in its efforts to build a democratic
Orban pledged to continue the policies of his previous
government and said these would be based on "open dialogue and
brave thinking" when it comes to European affairs.
He said Hungary was and remained, beyond doubt, part of NATO
and also the EU and his government regarded any programme that
called for an exit from the EU a dangerous extremity.
"But we are members of these alliances and not hostages," he
said. "We want a Europe that respects its own roots, respects
Christianity and also gives due respect to individual nations."
His words echoed his ruling Fidesz party's campaign ahead of
European parliament elections later this month, with billboards
featuring Orban's photo and saying: "Our message to Brussels:
More respect to Hungarians."
Orban called for a radical cut in energy prices in the EU to
improve competitiveness and said his government rejected
policies that support immigration.
"We do not want policies that support immigration and masses
of immigrants who cause unmanageable tensions, but we want
support for families to have more children," he added.
(Reporting by Krisztina Than; Editing by Sophie Hares)