* Strikes set for Dec. 14 and Dec. 17-21
* Strikes may affect other airlines' baggage handling
* Public works minister urges talks
* Iberia chief says company's survival at stake
By Robert Hetz and Tracy Rucinski
MADRID, Nov 29 Spanish airline Iberia's ground
and cabin crews will stage a series of strikes in December,
disrupting the holiday travel season to protest against massive
The around-the-clock strikes will be held on Dec. 14 and the
five days from Dec. 17 to Dec. 21, union leaders said on
Thursday. Company officials and analysts warned the strikes
would hit the image and finances of the loss-making airline.
Iberia is, with British Airways, part of International
Airlines Group (IAG), which said earlier this month it
would axe about 4,500 jobs, or a quarter of Iberia's workforce,
and cut capacity in a bid to make it more competitive.
Iberia has been a drag on IAG as it battles Spain's economic
crisis and labour disputes as well as tough competition from
low-cost carriers and the country's high-speed trains.
Unions said the strikes would affect other airlines because
Iberia workers handle baggage at many of Spain's airports.
Tourism represents 11 percent of Spain's economy and
Iberia's plans have divided the government over how much to
intervene in the airline sector to protect jobs and key routes.
"Spain cannot allow itself a strike in a strategic sector,"
Public Works Minister Ana Pastor said on Tuesday. She said
Iberia operates important short- and mid-range flights as well
as strategic link-ups to Latin America. Iberia is Europe's
biggest carrier to Latin America.
Spain is in a deep recession and unemployment is painfully
high at 25 percent. Every week brings news of more lay-offs. On
Wednesday the European Commission approved restructuring plans
at nationalised Spanish banks that will lead to thousands of job
Protests against job cuts and pay delays are becoming
routine. This week hospital workers in the Madrid region, which
includes the capital, walked out over plans to close or
privatise some state clinics. Garbage collectors in the southern
city of Jerez de la Frontera recently ended a work stoppage that
lasted weeks. Teachers have also been holding demonstrations.
SURVIVAL AT STAKE
IAG, formed last year by the merger of British Airways and
Iberia, posted a 96 percent fall in operating profit in the
January-September period, pulled lower by losses at Iberia.
Iberia Chief Executive Rafael Sanchez-Lozano warned a strike
would cause insurmountable damage to the airline.
"The strike at Iberia is like a hunger strike: If you're
successful, you'll die," he was quoted as saying on Thursday in
El Economista newspaper.
Sanchez-Lozano said airlines are heading towards low-cost
models and the sector needed to be as profitable as Irish budget
carrier Ryanair, which has rivalled Iberia on its
European routes from Madrid and Barcelona.
Yet in a fresh blow to Spain's travel sector, Ryanair is
reducing its Spanish flights due to a hike in the country's
airport taxes. The Dublin-based airline estimates its reduced
Spanish capacity will affect 648 weekly flights in and out of
Spain and 4,500 jobs related to the sector.
In a research note on IAG, analyst Francisco Rodriguez of
Sabadell said he assumed there was ample room for negotiations
between workers and Iberia and expected job cuts will be about
3,000 rather than the 4,500 announced.
Iberia has 21,000 employees. The job cuts involve Iberia
shutting down some maintenance and handling operations.
"In the short term the worst effect will be the strikes and
their impact in media and in results," Rodriguez wrote.
The strikes will be held by workers in aircraft maintenance,
baggage handling and cabin crew in Spain's two largest unions
UGT and CCOO. Members of the Sepla pilots union are restricted
from the strike action because of an ongoing arbitration process
over the creation of low-cost carrier Iberia Express.
"A cabin crew strike alone ought to be enough to halt
operations though," said Espirito Santo analyst Gerald Khoo,
adding that IAG had indicated deeper cuts than those proposed
would be imposed if there was industrial action.
Iberia launched Iberia Express this year, but the labour
conflict with pilots has made it unclear whether the business
will get off the ground. IAG announced earlier this month it
would buy what it did not already own of Vueling, a
Barcelona-based low-cost carrier.