LONDON Oct 22 China and India are forecast to
account for the lion's share of coal demand in the coming
decades, but a potential slowing of consumption in the world's
largest developing countries could mean that the next wave of
emerging economies increase their share of global coal demand,
leading to new import/export routes.
Here are details on plans by major developing countries - other
than China and India - to increase coal-fired power capacity in
the next decade.
INDONESIA - The world's largest exporter of coal aims to
increase its coal-fired capacity by 40 GW over the next seven
years, according to state-owned utility PLN. Exports of the fuel
from Asia's fifth-largest economy will more than double to 655
million tonnes by 2025, while the amount burnt at home will rise
threefold to 300 million tonnes, the Indonesian Coal Mining
VIETNAM - In common with its large communist-ruled neighbour to
the north, Vietnam wants to use coal to power breakneck economic
growth. A trebling of the country's coal-fired capacity to 36 GW
would mean that the country becomes a net importer from 2015 as
coal demand is forecast to rise to 67 million tonnes a year by
the end of the decade.
MALAYSIA - Plans to build 5 GW of coal-fired capacity by 2023,
doubling the country's coal demand to 40 million tonnes over the
PAKISTAN - Signed a deal earlier this year with China to build
up to 6 GW of new coal-fired capacity, and intends to convert 3
GW of oil-fired electricity to cheaper coal.
THAILAND - Has not specified how much coal capacity it wants to
add but the government is keen to increase the share of coal in
the country's energy mix and reduce reliance on imported gas.
PHILIPPINES - Industry groups reckon the country needs to build
4GW of coal-fired power by 2017 to avoid a supply crunch, while
government has planned for 2.5GW over the next four years
NIGERIA - Africa's most populous country wants to build 4GW of
coal-fired capacity so it can use more of its gas for export.
Intends to develop potential supplies of domestic coal and avoid
the expense of importing coal from elsewhere in Africa or the
NORTH AFRICA - Egypt wants to build around 5GW of coal-fired
capacity to supply energy-intensive industries such as cement.
TURKEY - Imported coal, but also domestic lignite, could be used
in 10 GW of installed capacity a year from now as the country
tries to reduce its reliance on imported gas.
CHILE - The country's state power provider said in 2010 that up
to 4 GW of new coal-fired power could be built this decade,
partly to supply the copper industry, but some new projects have
recently been blocked by the courts.
SOUTH AFRICA - Africa's biggest economy may need to build 20 GW
of new coal-fired capacity over the coming decades, the World
Resources Institute estimates. State power producer Eskom thinks
the world's fifth-largest coal exporter will need an extra 60
million tonnes a year of the fuel by 2020 to meet extra domestic
(Additional reporting by Fergus Jensen in Jakarta, Rebekah
Kabede in Perth, Minh B. Ho in Hanoi and Enrico Dela Cruz in
Manila; editing by Keiron Henderson)